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law chapter 3

STUDY
PLAY
arson
intentional burning of another's building or property or of one's own building or property for a malicious or illegal purpose
assault
any deliberate attempt or threat to inflict bodily injury upon another person and with apparent ability to do so
battery
illegal touching of another person
burglary
breaking and entering for the purpose of committing a crime
cited
mentioned in reference to legal source that support a proposition of law to be established
civil
pertaining to crimes against a person or persons
conspiracy
an agreement among conspirators
criminal
anyone who has committed a criminal offense (a crime against the state) or who has been proven guilty of such an offense
defendant
a person or party against whom a plaintiff's allegations are brought
deterrence
punishment used to discourage crime
district court
a division of trial court (federal and state) serving specific geographic area, with only one judge usually required to hear and decide case
domestic violence
abuse, physical or mental, that occurs within the home
euthanasia
an intentional action or lack of action causing the merciful death of someone suffering from a terminal illness or incurable condition
felony
a crime more serious than a misdemeanor and punishable by imprisonment for more than one year or death
fiduciary
holding or held in trust
first-degree murder
premeditated murder or murder committed with extreme cruelty
fraud
a deliberate deception intended to produce unlawful gain
indictment
a written accusation charging a party with committing a crime which is drawn up by the prosecuting attorney and issued by a grand jury
intentional
deliberate
larceny
stealing or removing someone's personal property to convert it illegally or deprive the owner of it's possession. Larceny is a felony.
malice
an unjust intention to commit an illegal act to injure someone
manslaughter
an unpremeditated taking of a human life
mayhem
the wanton causing of violent injury to a person or thing
misdemeanor
an offense less serious than a felony and which may be punished by a fine or sentence to a local prison for less than one year
murder
an act done with intent to kill the victim
plaintiff
one who brings a court action against another
rape
unlawful sexual intercourse with a female against her will
reformation
the rehabilitation of a criminal; changed behavior
respectable minority
a minority acceptable to it's peer group
restraint
restriction of liberty
retribution
something given or demanded in payment or as a punishment for criminal wrongdoing
robbery
the forcible stealing of the personal property of another either from his or her person or in the immediate presence of the victim
self-defense
the right to protect oneself reasonably from acts of violence or threatened violence
sodomy
unnatural copulation of human beings with each other or with an animal
statutory
pertaining to a law
strict liability
responsibility of a seller or manufacturer for any defective product unduly threatening personal safety
superior court
a court of general jurisdication to which a case is removed for trial or appeal
theft
stealing property without consent of the owner
tort
a private wrong or injury;other than breach of contract, for which the court will provide a remedy
wanton
done with reckless disregard of another's rights or needs