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Politics of the Gilded Age/Chapter 7, Section 3
Terms in this set (27)
Political machines are
An organized group of people that controlled the activities of a political party
By giving voters services they needed, the machine did what
Won their votes and controlled city government
Who was head of political machines?
City Bosses controlled what?
Jobs; police,fire,and sanitation department . Agencies that granted licenses to businesses
Political machines loved immigrants , why?
Easily influenced, and could be brought with money, jobs, housing , or other favors
Political machines used power to
Rig elections, become wealthy from kickbacks-illegal payments, control police force to stay out of trouble
Patronage or spoils system is
Giving government jobs to loyal party workers or friends
Used position to get what from the government (graft)
President James A. Garfield takes power after who
President Garfield was assassinated by
Disappointed office seeker favoring spoils system(Charles Guiteau) 1881
Results in further push for change in how
Non-elected government positions were filled
William M."Boss" Tweed was
Head of Tammany Hall, democratic machine in New York City. Political Boss of the Tweed Ring
Corrupt politicians continually defrauding the city through what
Graft, bribes, kickbacks, fraud
Pendleton Civil Service Act 1883 was an
Attempt to end Patronage/spoils system
Political Cartoonist who exposed graft and fraud in government
People who supported the spoils system were called
Graft, Bribes, Kickbacks, are all examples of what
This law required Federal jobs to us
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Which President was the only President to be elected to two nonconsecutive terms (22nd-24th)
What was the name of the Political Machine in New York
The assassination of President Garfield showed how strongly people resisted reform of the
People who supported the spoils system
Author of "THE GILDED AGE", a novel describing problems of the late 19th century
The only President to serve two non-consecutive terms.
Political Boss/Tammany Hall
New York Political Machine
President Garfield's assassination--Why??
He did not support the stalwarts
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