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Terms in this set (50)
Which of the following systems produces, circulates, and regulates levels of hormones in the body?
The brain scans of people with amnesia are most likely to show damage to the
Neurotransmitters are typically stored in which of the following parts of a neuron?
Which of the following provides information regarding brain function by monitoring the brain at work through metabolism of glucose?
Which part of the nervous system is most immediately activated by sudden fear?
The section of the brain that relays information from sensory organs to the cerebral cortex.
Which gland of the endocrine system controls the activity of other glands?
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system most frequently results in which of the following?
Fight or Flight
Damage to the cerebellum is likely to disrupt which of the following?
Which of the following technologies does not show brain activity and function, but only shows structure?
The nervous system is defined as__________.
Network of cells that carry information to and from all parts of the body
The two main divisions of the nervous system are the __________ and __________.
The branch of life sciences which involves the structure and function of the brain and nervous system, while also focusing on the relationship between learning and behavior, is called
A specialized cell that makes up the nervous system that receives and sends messages within that system is called a __________.
_______ receive messages from other neurons and _______ send messages to other neurons.
Your teacher asks you to describe the sequence of parts of a neuron that the impulse travels during neural conduction (starting with the receiving end of a neuron). What would you say?
neurotransmitters, dendrites, axon, soma
A chemical found in the synaptic vesicles which, when released, has an effect on the next cell is called a __________.
Which structure is like a locked door that only certain neurotransmitter keys can unlock?
__________ plays a critical role as a neurotransmitter that stimulates muscles to contract.
Junita is showing signs up of depression (does not feel like getting out of bed, has lost her appetite, and feels tired for most of the day). Which of the following neurotransmitters is likely in short supply for Junita?
Pain-controlling chemicals in the body are called __________.
is the process by which neurotransmitters are reclaimed by the axon terminal intact, and then are repackaged for immediate use
The type of synapse (or neurotransmitter) that causes the receiving cell to stop firing is referred to as _____________.
The long bundle of neurons that carries messages to and from the body to the brain and is responsible for very fast, lifesaving reflexes is called the __________.
Mary stepped on a piece of glass and quickly pulled her foot away from that sharp object. Which of the following is directly responsible for sending a message to the muscles in Mary's foot, resulting in her pulling her foot away from the piece of glass?
Neurons found in the center of the spinal cord that receive information from the sensory neurons and send commands to the muscles through the motor neurons are called __________.
Cameron touches a hot iron and immediately pulls his hand away. His quick response occurs because __________.
Jack suffered a brain injury as a result of hitting his head while waterskiing. One of the problems that developed was that Jack could not pronounce certain words correctly for a long period of time until he had extensive speech therapy; he can now speak as he did before his accident. This is an example of the brain's __________, which allowed the structure and function of his brain cells to change to adjust to the trauma.
The division of the nervous system that allows the brain and the spinal cord to communicate with the sensory systems of the eyes, ears, skin, and mouth, and allows the brain and spinal cord to control the muscles and glands of the body is called the __________.
Peripheral nervous system
The peripheral nervous system consists of the __________ and the __________ nervous systems.
Autonomic and somatic
Voluntary muscles are controlled by the __________ nervous system.
Which is not a specific function of the left hemisphere of the brain?
Left side controls logic, math
The __________ is a structure in the brain stem responsible for life-sustaining functions, such as breathing and heart rate. It's also where the nerves from the left side of the body cross over into the right side of the brain, and vice versa
When an antagonist drug affects an inhibitory neurotransmitter, it _________.
Blocks or reduces effects
The __________ is a structure in the brain stem that connects the top of the brain to the bottom and plays a role in sleep, dreaming, left-right body coordination, and arousal.
Which of the following is responsible for the ability to selectively attend to certain kinds of information in one's surroundings and become alert to changes?
Which of the following is a group of several brain structures located under the cortex and involved in learning, emotion, memory, and motivation?
Which part of the brain is very small but extremely powerful in motivational behavior (sleep, hunger, thirst) and controls the pituitary gland?
The cortex is divided into two sections referred to as __________.
Which of the following is the section of the brain located at the rear and bottom of each cerebral hemisphere and contains the visual centers of the brain?
The__________ lobes are located at the top and back of each cerebral hemisphere, containing the centers for touch, body position, and temperature.
The part of the brain located just behind the temples, containing neurons responsible for the sense of hearing and meaningful speech, is called the __________.
If a split-brain operation was completed on a typical person (such as those done by Dr. Michael Gazzaniga) which of the following would be true?
Flashed in right side, person be able to say they saw the object, if flashed to left side they wouldnt be able to say they saw it but draw it
The area of the frontal lobe that is devoted to the production of fluent speech is ______ area.
The area at the back of the temporal lobe that is crucial in the ability to listen, process, and understand what others are saying is __________ area.
Researchers __________ and _____________ were the pioneers of split brain research.
Gazzaniga and Sperry
Which of the following is a good description of the main functions of the right hemisphere?
Creativity, auditory perception, visual perception, problem solving
Prozac, a drug, works by blocking the reuptake of serotonin. Because of this, serotonin is more likely to connect with the receptor sites. Which of the following is true?
Prozac is an agonist
Which brain monitoring technology measures the electrical activity of the cerebral cortex?
The state during which a neuron contains more negatively charged ions inside the cell than outside the cell is referred to as the __________.
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