Chapter 11 Psychology 10th Edition David Myers (Motivation & Work)
Chapter 11: Motivation and Work David Myers
Terms in this set (44)
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned.
The idea that physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need
Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Describes how some of our needs take priority over others
Focuses on finding the right level of stimulation
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level
A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior.
Hierarchy of needs
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active.
The form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When it's level is low, we feel hunger.
The point at which an individual's "weight thermostat" is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight.
Basal Metabolic Rate
The body's resting rate of energy expenditure
Sexual response cycle
The four stages of sexual responding described by Masters and Johnson----excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution
A resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm
A problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functioning
Sex hormones, such as estradiol, secreted in greater amounts by females than by males and contributing to female sex characteristics. In nonhuman female mammals, estrogen levels peak during ovulation, promoting sexual receptivity.
The most important of the male sex hormones. Both males and females have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty.
An enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one's own sex or the other sex (homosexual or heterosexual orientation)
A completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one's skills
Industrial-organizational (I/O) psychology
The application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces.
A subfield of I/O psychology that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal, and development.
A subfield of I/O psychology that examines organizational influences on worker satisfaction and productivity and facilitates organizational change.
Human Factors Psychology
A subfield of I/O psychology that explores how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments can be made safe and easy to use.
Interview process that asks the same job-relevant questions of all applicants, each of whom is rated on established scales.
A desire for significant accomplishment; for mastery of skills or ideas; for rapidly attaining a high standard.
Goal-oriented leadership that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention on goals.
Group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support
"PUSH" Based on inner needs and can be seen as a force "pushing" from inside of us
"PULL" External stimuli that either appeal to our needs to trigger our aversive feelings, and can be used to "pull" us in our actions
Maslow's Hierarchy of needs/motives
Self-transcendence needs, Self-actualization needs, Esteem needs, Belongingness and love needs, Safety needs, Physiological needs
Receives and sends signals dealing with hunger, tells you when your hungry and suppresses hunger
Belonging builds ______, and prepares us for confident autonomy.
Fulfilling and socially useful activity.
I/O psychology includes three different areas of focus
Personnel psychology, Organizational psychology, Human factors psychology
Enduring qualities that can be productively applied
Motivation to Achieve and Self-Discipline to Succeed
Success in work is predicted more by _______ than by intelligence test scores.
Are specific, are challenging, have immediate or short-term objectives, can be stated as an action plan
Inspiring people to transcend self-interest to work for a collective vision
The psychology of human factors
taking the design of the body and the functioning of the mind into account when designing products and processes.
Areas of human motivation
Eating, sex, bonding/belonging, and work.
Secreted by the pancreas and controls blood glucose
Secreted by an empty stomach, sends "I'm hungry" signals to the brain
Secreted by the hypothalamus, also triggers hunger
Secreted by fat cells, PYY from the digestive tract both decrease hunger
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