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people who defend the faith through their knowledge and education

Bishops and deacons

two orders that evolved first in the church


became central after the fall of Jerusalem because Paul lived there and he was the leader of the Church at that time

Intolerance of Christianity

occurred because Rome was falling apart because of corruption and Barbarian attacks and they blamed it on the Christian citizens

disloyal citizens

Christians were regarded as this because they refused to fight in the Roman army, hold IDs, or sacrifice to the gods


refusal to fight, thought to be unpatriotic by Romans

Edict of Milan

made Christianity a legal religion

Emperor Theodosius

made Christianity the official religion and declared that paganism was illegal


a belief that is contrary to an essential belief of Christianity


believed that Jesus was only Human, it was declared a heresy because it was inconsistent with the fundamental beliefs about Jesus

Nicene Creed

states that Jesus is both human and divine

Question of Monasticism

Who am I?

Question of Monasticism

What do i truly believe?

Question of Monasticism

What are my demons that keep me away from God?

Question of Monasticism

How do I find out what my faith is rally made of?


the movement of men and women away from the world to pursue holiness

Antony of Egypt

a hermit who lived by himself and founded monasticism


contributed to monastic live by giving rules to the community and creating a life of simplicity


converted to Christianity, translated the whole Bible into Latin


converted to Christianity with the help of his mother, Monica and Ambrose


believed that one god created good and one god created evil and humans were not responsible for their sins

The donatist heresy

said that the sacraments validity was based on who was giving and receiving but Augustine countered it saying that it was from God

the Pelagian heresy

said that salvation depended on Human effort alone

Supreme Pontiff

the most important state official of the Vatican, Pope Leo II used it

Council of Chalcedon

declared that Jesus is both divine and human

Central belief of Islam

there is one God, Allah, and Mohammad is his prophet


idea that hoped to free the Church from corruption


allowed the arts to flourish, for the faith to be passed on, and for peace

Gregory the great

wanted new standards for the priesthood


the renunciation of one's Christian faith


relatively consistent view of early Christianity towards war

Gregory the Great

concerned about the poor


denial of Christ's divinity


Denial of Christ's humanity


could be forgiven after public penance

Arianism and Gnosticism

condemned by the Council of Nicaea


Continues the Old/New Testament


Means Recitation


Mohammad's only miracle


means surrender


the seal of the prophet


Followers of Islam


teaches about self-discipline, dependence on God, and compassion


Islam's holiest month

Martin Luther

His actions began the Protestant Reformation


Initially, a term that defined those who objected to unjust restrictions against Lutherans; then a term more widely applied to other Reformation-era churches


Convergence of Church and civil affairs

Henry VIII

used papal refusal of his request for an annulment to establish a church with himself as the supreme head


A group who broke from the Church of England in pursuit of a simple "purist" religion

John Calvin

held a strong belief in predestination

Ulrich Zwingli

His religious revolution preceded Calvin's in Switzerland

Ignatius of Loyola

Established a religious order that took an additional vow of obedience to the pope

Teresa of Avila

Wrote a classic on the spiritual life, The Interior Castle

Thomas More

the chancellor of England who was executed for his devoted allegiance to the Catholic Church

Native American Converts

were not very many because they felt that the missionaries were a foreign threat to their religion ad way of life

Saint Augustine

was destroyed when English colonists from Carolina invaded Florida and destroyed the colony

French traders

found success in Quebec by trading beaver furs with the Canadians

Act of Tolerance

granted freedom of religion to all in Maryland

Father John Carroll

first bishop of the US

Election of a Catholic President

showed many that the Catholics had arrived in America

Katharine Drexel

Founder of religious orders in Frontier Church who opened 50 houses to serve the Native Americans

Charles Carroll

Catholic who signed the Declaration of Independence

Know Nothing Party

Irish Catholic Political Party

Mother Francis Cabrinni

founder of religious order in Frontier Church who served Italians

Jean de Brebeuf

French Jesuit who lived among the Hurons and was martyred

John Carroll

Started Georgetown University

Issac Jogues

French Jesuit who asked for sensitivity for dealing with the Indins

Kateri Tekakwitha

Mohawk Indian who was baptized Catholic

Rose Hawthorne Lathrop

Founder of religious order who took care of people with cancer

Elizabeth Ann Seton

Founder of parochial school system in the US


Pope John XXIII was from a religious family


the Vatican II council lasted only one year


There were 20 documents that came out of Vatican II


the word aggiornamento means updating


The TV news stations ignored the proceedings of Vatican II


Vatican II changed the liturgy from the Latin to the vernacular


only the American bishops attended the Vatican II Council

Servant Church

present when Christians use their talents to help all


seen through the spoken word and scripture


the rules and structures of the church

Body of Christ

we are all a dependable community

The Church's history

helps us to make decisions for the present and the past


books in the Hebrew Scriptures

The Jews

What the Hebrew Scriptures are about


books in the New testament


Birthday of the church

Acts of the Apostles

Christian testament that deals directly with Luke's account of the early days of the Christian community

Pauline epistles

Christian Testament that deals directly with supporting the small Christian communities


Christian Testament written for late first century Christians who were suffering persecution


signs of God's love


distant cousins of the Jews who lived as Assyrians while the Jews were in captivity but when the Persians saved them they became Jews again


The first Jewish-Gentile Community of Jesus' Followers. it was truly catholic because it had people from different backgrounds

Essential Belief of Christianity

Belief in Jesus Christ


the resurrection of Jesus remains the crucial event in the life of the Church


those who were first baptized at Pentecost thought of themselves as Jews who followed Jesus


Paul is also known as Saul


Paul was the only Apostle to preach to the Gentiles


the first major dilemma among the early disciples was whether Gentile converts were obligated to keep Jewish Law


Saul was from Caesarea


Paul and barnabas were better accepted by the Gentiles than the Jews when they preached


The controversy about Gentiles becoming Christians was over whether they should be obligated to keep the entire Jewish Law, in effect they should become Jews


The meeting about the question of the Gentiles not observing the Jewish Law was held in Antioch


The council of Jerusalem was held in 100 C.E.


One of the reasons the Jewish authorities began harassing Jesus' followers was because they were saying Jesus was alive.


At first, the Apostles preached the Good News to fellow Jews because they considered themselves a part of the Jewish religion.


The church changed from a strict Jewish movement to a more inclusive identity with the entrance of Gentiles.

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