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106 terms

Church History Exam

STUDY
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apologists
people who defend the faith through their knowledge and education
Bishops and deacons
two orders that evolved first in the church
Rome
became central after the fall of Jerusalem because Paul lived there and he was the leader of the Church at that time
Intolerance of Christianity
occurred because Rome was falling apart because of corruption and Barbarian attacks and they blamed it on the Christian citizens
disloyal citizens
Christians were regarded as this because they refused to fight in the Roman army, hold IDs, or sacrifice to the gods
pacifism
refusal to fight, thought to be unpatriotic by Romans
Edict of Milan
made Christianity a legal religion
Emperor Theodosius
made Christianity the official religion and declared that paganism was illegal
heresy
a belief that is contrary to an essential belief of Christianity
Arianism
believed that Jesus was only Human, it was declared a heresy because it was inconsistent with the fundamental beliefs about Jesus
Nicene Creed
states that Jesus is both human and divine
Question of Monasticism
Who am I?
Question of Monasticism
What do i truly believe?
Question of Monasticism
What are my demons that keep me away from God?
Question of Monasticism
How do I find out what my faith is rally made of?
Monasticism
the movement of men and women away from the world to pursue holiness
Antony of Egypt
a hermit who lived by himself and founded monasticism
Basil
contributed to monastic live by giving rules to the community and creating a life of simplicity
Jerome
converted to Christianity, translated the whole Bible into Latin
Augustine
converted to Christianity with the help of his mother, Monica and Ambrose
Manichean
believed that one god created good and one god created evil and humans were not responsible for their sins
The donatist heresy
said that the sacraments validity was based on who was giving and receiving but Augustine countered it saying that it was from God
the Pelagian heresy
said that salvation depended on Human effort alone
Supreme Pontiff
the most important state official of the Vatican, Pope Leo II used it
Council of Chalcedon
declared that Jesus is both divine and human
Central belief of Islam
there is one God, Allah, and Mohammad is his prophet
celibacy
idea that hoped to free the Church from corruption
Monasteries
allowed the arts to flourish, for the faith to be passed on, and for peace
Gregory the great
wanted new standards for the priesthood
apostasy
the renunciation of one's Christian faith
pacifism
relatively consistent view of early Christianity towards war
Gregory the Great
concerned about the poor
Arianism
denial of Christ's divinity
Gnosticism
Denial of Christ's humanity
apostasy
could be forgiven after public penance
Arianism and Gnosticism
condemned by the Council of Nicaea
Koran
Continues the Old/New Testament
Koran
Means Recitation
Koran
Mohammad's only miracle
Islam
means surrender
Mohammad
the seal of the prophet
Muslims
Followers of Islam
Ramadan
teaches about self-discipline, dependence on God, and compassion
Ramadan
Islam's holiest month
Martin Luther
His actions began the Protestant Reformation
Protestant
Initially, a term that defined those who objected to unjust restrictions against Lutherans; then a term more widely applied to other Reformation-era churches
Christendom
Convergence of Church and civil affairs
Henry VIII
used papal refusal of his request for an annulment to establish a church with himself as the supreme head
Puritans
A group who broke from the Church of England in pursuit of a simple "purist" religion
John Calvin
held a strong belief in predestination
Ulrich Zwingli
His religious revolution preceded Calvin's in Switzerland
Ignatius of Loyola
Established a religious order that took an additional vow of obedience to the pope
Teresa of Avila
Wrote a classic on the spiritual life, The Interior Castle
Thomas More
the chancellor of England who was executed for his devoted allegiance to the Catholic Church
Native American Converts
were not very many because they felt that the missionaries were a foreign threat to their religion ad way of life
Saint Augustine
was destroyed when English colonists from Carolina invaded Florida and destroyed the colony
French traders
found success in Quebec by trading beaver furs with the Canadians
Act of Tolerance
granted freedom of religion to all in Maryland
Father John Carroll
first bishop of the US
Election of a Catholic President
showed many that the Catholics had arrived in America
Katharine Drexel
Founder of religious orders in Frontier Church who opened 50 houses to serve the Native Americans
Charles Carroll
Catholic who signed the Declaration of Independence
Know Nothing Party
Irish Catholic Political Party
Mother Francis Cabrinni
founder of religious order in Frontier Church who served Italians
Jean de Brebeuf
French Jesuit who lived among the Hurons and was martyred
John Carroll
Started Georgetown University
Issac Jogues
French Jesuit who asked for sensitivity for dealing with the Indins
Kateri Tekakwitha
Mohawk Indian who was baptized Catholic
Rose Hawthorne Lathrop
Founder of religious order who took care of people with cancer
Elizabeth Ann Seton
Founder of parochial school system in the US
True
Pope John XXIII was from a religious family
false
the Vatican II council lasted only one year
false
There were 20 documents that came out of Vatican II
true
the word aggiornamento means updating
false
The TV news stations ignored the proceedings of Vatican II
true
Vatican II changed the liturgy from the Latin to the vernacular
false
only the American bishops attended the Vatican II Council
Servant Church
present when Christians use their talents to help all
Herald
seen through the spoken word and scripture
institution
the rules and structures of the church
Body of Christ
we are all a dependable community
The Church's history
helps us to make decisions for the present and the past
46
books in the Hebrew Scriptures
The Jews
What the Hebrew Scriptures are about
27
books in the New testament
Pentecost
Birthday of the church
Acts of the Apostles
Christian testament that deals directly with Luke's account of the early days of the Christian community
Pauline epistles
Christian Testament that deals directly with supporting the small Christian communities
Revelation
Christian Testament written for late first century Christians who were suffering persecution
Sacrament
signs of God's love
Samaritans
distant cousins of the Jews who lived as Assyrians while the Jews were in captivity but when the Persians saved them they became Jews again
Antioch
The first Jewish-Gentile Community of Jesus' Followers. it was truly catholic because it had people from different backgrounds
Essential Belief of Christianity
Belief in Jesus Christ
true
the resurrection of Jesus remains the crucial event in the life of the Church
true
those who were first baptized at Pentecost thought of themselves as Jews who followed Jesus
true
Paul is also known as Saul
true
Paul was the only Apostle to preach to the Gentiles
true
the first major dilemma among the early disciples was whether Gentile converts were obligated to keep Jewish Law
false
Saul was from Caesarea
true
Paul and barnabas were better accepted by the Gentiles than the Jews when they preached
true
The controversy about Gentiles becoming Christians was over whether they should be obligated to keep the entire Jewish Law, in effect they should become Jews
false
The meeting about the question of the Gentiles not observing the Jewish Law was held in Antioch
false
The council of Jerusalem was held in 100 C.E.
true
One of the reasons the Jewish authorities began harassing Jesus' followers was because they were saying Jesus was alive.
true
At first, the Apostles preached the Good News to fellow Jews because they considered themselves a part of the Jewish religion.
true
The church changed from a strict Jewish movement to a more inclusive identity with the entrance of Gentiles.