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Slavery would not have lasted as long as it did except for

A. the place it held in the southern economy

In the South, social prestige and influence were determined by

C. Class and caste

At the time of the Civil War

A. one quarter of white southerners owned slaves

While class differences are based on income, caste differences in the South were based

B. race

Which of the following statements about slavery is FALSE

A. about ten percent of southern blacks were free

Most African Americans experienced slavery

A. On farms

Slaveholders continually indoctrinated their slaves with the idea of

A. The God-ordained supremacy of whites

The African-American family under slavery

D. emphasized kinship and mutual affection

During slavery, African-American folk tales were kept alive primarily through

A. kinship networks

The "invisible institution" was

B. the black church

The foundation of the African- American culture was

A. religion

Slave sermons and religious songs emphasized

A. eventual deliverance from slavery

The Brer Rabbit stories

D. showed how a defenseless animal could overcome a stronger one through cunning and deceit, a metaphor for survival as a slave

The normal way for most slaves to express discontent was

C. passive resistance

Slave folk tales revealed the attitude that

B. cunning and deceit worked effectively

During the Second Seminole War of 1835-1842

B. many escaped slaves hiding in Florida actually fought with Native Americans against US soldiers

The typical runaway slave was

B. a young, unmarried man

In pre-Civil War American society, free African Americans

Were treated as social outcasts

Free blacks in the south faced each of the following limitations EXCEPT

C. being vulnerable to re-enslavement through vagrancy or apprenticeship laws

The typical great planter of the pre-Civil War South was

A. most likely a self made man

Most southern whites

B. were non-slaveholding yeoman farmers

To become a successful planter, it was probably most important that one have sound knowledge of

C. good business and accounting practices.

When compared with other New World slaves, southern slaves

E. enjoyed a higher standard of living

The yeoman farmer of the South was

C. proud and self reliant

Which one of the following individuals tried to convince southern yeoman farmers that slavery reduced their standard of living

C. Hinton R. Helper

Non-slaveholders followed the leadership of slave owners because

C. of their desire to become slaver owners

Southern proslavery arguemetns did NOT include the belief that slavery was

C. mandated by the US Constitution

Southern apologists claimed the master-slave relationship was more humane than employer- worker relationships because

D. it afforded greater long-term security

A major reason for the weaker hold of slavery in the upper south was the

A. increasing industrialization and agricultural diversification in the region

When tobacco prices sagged after 1820

C. large numbers of surplus slaves were sold from the upper south to the lower south

During the nineteenth century, the center of cotton production

D. shifted rapidly westward

The union of slavery and cotton

B. hindered industrialization in the south.

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