Revolutionary War #1
Terms in this set (45)
Battle of Bunker Hill
First major battle of the Revolutions.
Showed Americans could hold their own, but the British were also not easy to defeat.
Ultimately, Americans were forced to withdraw after running out of ammunition, and Bunker Hill was in British hands. However, the British suffered more deaths.
British Commanding General at the start of the American Revolution
Commander-in-Chief of the British army in America, replacing General Howe after the Battle of Saratoga.
"Gentleman Johnny" Burgoyne
British leader in the battle of Saratoga who planned the attack on Albany; underestimated needed supplies so they lost the battle
Most of the Battle of Bunker Hill took place on this hill
A victory in which the cost of winning was too high in terms of losses;
2nd Continental Congress
Congress of American leaders which first met in 1775, declared independence in 1776, and helped lead the United States during the Revolution
Hall in Philadelphia where the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776 and where the Constitutional Convention was held in 1787.
Army authorized by the Continental Congress, 1775-84, to fight the British; commanded by General George Washington.
1st President of the United States; commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution (1732-1799)
Declaration of Independence
1776 statement, issued by the Second Continental Congress, explaining why the colonies wanted independence from Britain.
..., Virginian, architect, author, governor, and president. Wrote the Declaration of Independence. Second governor of Virgina. Third president of the United States.
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right of Kings and who asserted that people have a natural right to life, liberty, and property.
July 4, 1776
Date of the Declaration of Independence
King George III
(4.1) King of England during the American Revolution, highly disliked by the colonists.
British Prime Minister during revolution. He had passed the Coercive Acts.
Britain's law-making assembly
German soldiers who fought for the British during Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer (born in England) who supported the American colonist's fight for independence. Wrote "Common Sense."
1776 pamphlet by Thomas Paine that persuaded many Americans to support the Revolutionary cause
"all men are created equal"
famous quote found in the Declaration of Independence
in the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson meant rights so basic, so rooted in human nature itself, that no government could take them away.
"life, liberty, pursuit of happiness"
unalienable rights to all men as defined by Jefferson in Declaration
"right to revolution"
cited in "Common Sense" and the Declaration of Independence -- the right of people to overthrow their government if it's bad
Royal Army -- British soldiers who fought against the colonists in the American Revolution; so called because of their bright red uniforms
Also Loyalists -- anyone that remained loyal to the British Crown after the Declaration of Independence in 1776.
A small army made up of ordinary citizens who are available to fight in an emergency.
A continuous rise in the price of goods and services
Delegate from Pennsylvania who proposed the "Albany Plan of the Union" as a way to strengthen colonies.
Writer, scientist, diplomat, political philosopher, and a printer.
Influential in the American Revolution, Continental Congress, Declaration of independence,
Sponsor of the American Revolution in Massachusetts; His belief in the importance of the rule of law led him to defend the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre
America's first Vice-President and second President.
a war in which an army fights to defend its own territory
Baron von Steuben
German commander who came to Valley Forge to help George Washington; trained the colonists and taught them discipline
Marquis de Lafayette
Young French officer who assisted Washington and became a general in the Continental Army.
Battle of Trenton
On December 25th, Washington crossed Delaware River and took advantage of the sleeping Hessians in a surprise attack in a victory for the Continental army.
Washington Crossing the Delaware
The famous painting remembers the Christmas night when Washington crossed the Delawer and secretly surrounded the sleeping Hessian soldiers.
..., Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 4th of troops died here from disease and malnutriton, Steuben comes and trains troops
American General who was labeled a traitor when he assisted the British in a failed attempt to take the American fort at West Point.
Battle of Saratoga
American victory over British troops in 1777 that was a turning point in the American Revolution.
Battle of Charleston
Greatest American defeat. Attempt to take control of important Southern city. Day after Christmas 1779- Clinton sailed with 8000 soldiers to attack Charleston. On the way, they were joined by other British regulars and loyalists bringing their number to 14,000. After 3 months of heavy bombing, New York Surrendered.
Commanding general of the British forces that were defeated at Yorktown in 1781, ending the American Revolution.
Battle of Yorktown
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army. He surrendered October 19, 1781.
"The World Turned Upside Down"
The song played during the surrender of the British at the final battle of the war, the Battle of Yorktown
Treaty of Paris
(1783) peace agreement that officially ended the revolutionary war and established Britian's formal recognition of the US
U.S. diplomat and jurist who negotiated peace treaties with Britain and served as the first chief justice of the United States Supreme Court
Before the Louisiana Purchase, this river was the western border of America.
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