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11 terms

4.1 essential questions

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Hebrews
a member of the Semitic peoples inhabiting ancient Palestine and claiming descent from Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; an Israelite
New Kingdom
the period in the history of ancient Egypt, 1580-1085 b.c., comprising the 18th to 20th dynasties, characterized by the predominance of Thebes.
Hatshepsut
Queen of Egypt (1503-1482) who on the death of her husband, Thutmose II (c. 1504), became regent for her son Thutmose III. She bestowed the title of pharaoh on herself and adopted all the pharaonic customs, including the wearing of a false beard.
Thutmose III
King of Egypt (1504?-1450) who conquered Syria and much of the Euphrates Valley and brought great wealth to Egypt.
Nubia
a region in S Egypt and the Sudan, N of Khartoum, extending from the Nile to the Red Sea.
Valley of the Kings
a valley on the west bank of the Nile near the site of Thebes: the necropolis of many of the kings and queens of the 18th and 19th dynasties of ancient Egypt, c1350-c1200 b.c.
Ramses II
King of Egypt (1304-1237 B.C.) whose reign was marked by the building of numerous monuments. He was probably king during the Jewish exodus from Egypt.
Kush
# An ancient kingdom of Nubia in northern Sudan. It flourished from the 11th century B.C. to the 4th century A.D., when its capital fell to the Ethiopians.
Napata
an ancient city of Nubia and Cush, situated downstream from the Fourth Cataract of the Nile river, in present-day Sudan.
Meroë
a ruined city in Sudan, on the Nile, NE of Khartoum: a capital of ancient Ethiopia that was destroyed a.d. c350.
Aksum
the capital of an ancient Ethiopian kingdom, ruled by Himyaritic emigrants from Arabia.