Roofing Quiz

STUDY
PLAY
Roofing square
is a ten foot by ten foot (height times width) section of roof
Decking
is the wood base that felt is nailed to (plywood, OSB, plank board)
Felt Paper
an asphalt paper layer that goes in between deck and shingles, comes in 15# and 30#
Cap nail
an aluminum nail with a flat plastic cap that adheres the felt to the decking
ice/water shield
a waterproof adhesive membrane that is used in valleys, and along the gutter edge of a roof. It is usually used only on the first 3 feet up at an altitude of 7,000 feet or more
Architectural Shingle
a shingle that is laminated (two separate layers) to create a shake like appearance
3 tab shingle
single layer shingle that is cut to have three rectangular tabs
Galvanized nail
1 1/4 standard roofing nail used to apply shingles, also comes in a ring shank type (has ridges on the shaft of nail, shank is sometimes required by code)
Flashing
a roll of galvanized metal or sections of metal used to prevent water from backing up behind a wall or chimney, material is bent into an L shape
Fascia board and metal
the 1x4 board that runs along the gutter edge, or the gable ends of a roof. Soffit it below and behind it
tear off and layers
the process of removing the shingles and felt down to the decking, always checking for multiple layers when figuring out job cost
Lathe board
a 1x2 board used as decking to apply shake wood shingles. A roof with this needs to be decked with plywood before asphalt shingles can be applied
shake shingle
is a cedar wood shingle that comes in different thickness (medium/ heavy/ jumbo)
re-deck
when a shake shingle is removed and plywood is put down over lathe wood so asphalt shingles can be applied
valley
the V shape that is made when one section of roof comes into another. An L shaped roof will always have a valley at the bend of the L
ridge
`the horizontal section at the top of the slope, sometimes referred to as the peak of the roof
gable
standard roof that has the V shape on the side of a rectangular house
hip
roof that the corners come up to the ridge, does not have ends to it. Also the term for the vertical edges that go up to the ridge
Roof pitch
measures the steepness of a slope, the higher the number the steeper the roof
Correct order for Roofing
OSB, Drip edge, Tar paper, Side Drip edge, starter Strip, shingles, Ridge Cap
Total Square of Shingles
the number of squares with the waste (10%) calculated into it
vent boots
is a metal and rubber cover that goes over the plumbing vent pipes
ridge vent
a ventilation system that vents the ridge of the house. It is a slit cut along the ridge that allows the attic heat to release through the ridge
drip edging
is an L shaped metal edging that is put on all edges of roof so water will run off metal edge and not onto fascia board
turbine vent
a metal vent that spins around, drawing the attic heat out of attic space. Usually placed about 2 to 3 feet down from the ridge on a slope
box vent
a flat 12x12 metal box, that allows the attic area to release heat, also found on the upper edge of a slope near ridge
goose neck
an upside down J shaped vent that ventilates attic area. It can also have a damper in it for kitchen and bathroom power vents
dormer
a window that sticks out of a slope, making a small globe end
tile
concrete/clay flat, barrel, C, W, S
metal roof
a type of roof that comes in many styles including seamless
Rubber Roof
is ideal for use over low-sloping or flat roofs because it is durable, pliable, and waterproof. Whether they are made from synthetic rubber polymers or are made from plastic polymers, rubber roofs are designed to go in places where asphalt shingles don't perform well.
peel and stick bitumen
same as modified bitumen but has a sticky back adhesive for application
lay-over
when the shingles are applied directly on top of the old layer of shingle
10d nail
Use to nail sheeting on framing
16d nail
Use to nail 2 x 4 to 2 x4 together
Oriented strand board (OSB)
engineered lumber similar to particle board, formed by adding adhesives and then compressing layers of wood strands (flakes) in specific orientations
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