17 terms

Map and Globe Skills vocabulary

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Equator
An imaginary line of latitude (0 degrees) that divides the globe into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
Prime Meridian
Line of longitude (0 degrees) that divides the globe into the Eastern and Western hemispheres. The line runs through the Royal London Observatory in Greenwich, England.
Tropic of Capricorn
Line of latitude at 23 1/2 degrees S. It's located between the Antarctic Circle and the Equator.
Tropic of Cancer
Line of latitude at 23 1/2 N. It's located between the Equator and the Arctic Circle.
poles
The farthest north and south points on the globe.
legend
a key that explains what the symbols on a map represent.
globe
A scale model of the Earth.
hemisphere
half of a sphere (globe); "hemi" means half in Greek.
continent
one of seven large landmasses on Earth.
latitude
Imaginary lines that run east-west on the globe that measure distances north or south of the Equator. They circle the globe halfway between the North and South poles.
longitude
Imaginary lines that run north-south on a globe that measures distances east or west of the Prime Meridian.
parallels
Also known as lines of latitude; they are always parallel to the equator.
meridians
Also known as lines of longitude.
compass rose
Uses arrows that point to all four cardinal directions (north, south, east, west)
scale
Used to represent distances between points on a map (such as miles or kilometers).
absolute location
Latitude and longitude lines cross to form a grid. Every place in the world has one exact place on the Earth.
relative location
A way to describe the location of something in relation to another spot, often using preposition.