AHC EXAM #2
ANYTHING WITH AN * MEANS IT IS SOMETHING THAT MIGHT NOT BE ON THE TEST
Terms in this set (58)
The population of slaves would be counted as three-fifths in total when apportioning Representatives, as well as Presidential electors and taxes. The Three-Fifths Compromise was proposed by James Wilson and Roger Sherman, who were both delegates for the Constitutional Convention of 1787.
Was the secretary of treasury under George Washington;one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and the Federalist Party; established national bank
Alien and sedition acts
allowed the president to imprison and deport non-citizens who were deemed dangerous or who were from a hostile nation, and criminalized making false statements that were critical of the federal government
The 7th president; first president from the frontier; a president for the people; created the spoils system; Indian removal act
opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the 1787 Constitution. The previous constitution, called the Articles of Confederation, gave state governments more authority.
Articles of confederation
the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
Assumption of states debt
federal government would take responsibility for paying the debt of the states.
Bank of the United States
championed by Alexander Hamilton, first Secretary of the Treasury. Hamilton believed a national bank was necessary to stabilize and improve the nation's credit, and to improve handling of the financial business of the United States government under the newly enacted Constitution.
Battle of new orleans
final major battle of the War of 1812, and the most one-sided battle of that war.;commander Andrew Jackson
Battle of yorktown
a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington; final battle in the American revolution
Bill of rights
The first 10 amendments to the constitution; gave rights to the people
British Army soldiers killed five male civilians and injured six others. The incident was heavily propagandized by leading Patriots, such as Paul Revere and Samuel Adams, to fuel animosity toward the British authorities.
a British attack on the American frigate Chesapeake that attempted to capture three Americans and one British deserter. The three Americans had been pressed into involuntary service with the British earlier, and with the British deserter, they discovered an opportunity to escape, which eventually ended with them boarding the Chesapeake.
agreed upon by all the states, and that the federal government is thus a creation of the states.
Committees of correspondence
rallied colonial opposition against British policy and established a political union among the Thirteen Colonies
In order to discuss possible improvements to the Articles of Confederation. The Constitutional Convention took place in Philadelphia on May 14, 1787.
Declaration of Independence
severed the political connections between the thirteen original American colonies and Great Britain. By declaring themselves an independent nation, the American colonists were able to forge an official alliance with the government of France and obtain French assistance in the war against Great Britain.
the American political party in the 1790s that Thomas Jefferson and James Madison formed in opposition to the centralizing policies of the Federalist party
made illegal any and all exports from the United States. It was sponsored by President Thomas Jefferson and enacted by Congress. The goal was to force Britain and France to respect American rights during the Napoleonic Wars.
a collection of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay promoting the ratification of the Articles Of Confederation
a person who advocates or supports a system of government in which several states unite under a central authority
it successfully defended Baltimore Harbor from an attack by the British navy from the Chesapeake Bay September 13-14, 1814;
the first and only nonpartisan President of the United States, the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He presided over the convention that drafted the United States Constitution and was called the "father of his country"
was reached during the U.S. Constitutional Convention in the 1787; the agreement allowed for the creation of the two houses of the U.S. Congress. The members in the lower house, the House of Representatives, were to be allotted based on population and the Senate, were to be allotted not proportionally, but two to each state. The compromise was reached to address the feeling from the smaller states that their interests would be drowned out by the larger states.
to the act of taking men into a navy by force and with or without notice; a major cause of The War of 1812
Indian Removal Act of 1830
during the presidency of Andrew Jackson. The law authorized the president to negotiate with Indian tribes in the Southern United States for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their ancestral homelands.
was the American Patriots' name for a series of punitive laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 after the Boston Tea party. They were meant to punish the Massachusetts colonists for their defiance in throwing a large tea shipment into Boston harbor
An advocate for a strong federal government, the Virginia-born composed the first drafts of the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights and earned the nickname "Father of the Constitution."; founded the Democratic-Republican Party
known for his "Monroe Doctrine; Era of good feeling; oversaw major westward expansion of the U.S.; he helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase(before becoming president); As president, he acquired Florida, and also dealt with the contentious issue of slavery in new states joining the Union with the 1820 Missouri Compromise.
the agreement in 1794 between England and the U.S. by which limited trade relations were established, England agreed to give up its forts in the northwestern frontier, and a joint commission was set up to settle border disputes.
a leader of the American Revolution, and served as the second U.S. president from 1797 to 1801; Adams began his career as a lawyer; he was a delegate to the Continental Congress. In the 1780s, Adams served as a diplomat in Europe and helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris (1783), which officially ended the American Revolutionary War
served as the first chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court; The New York native drafted the state's first constitution in 1777 and the following year was chosen president of the Continental Congress. He then became U.S. minister to Spain, helping to broker the 1783 Treaty of Paris that ended the Revolutionary War. Jay was appointed the Supreme Court's chief justice in 1789 and helped shape procedures in its formative years. He averted war with Great Britain with the 1794 Jay Treaty
lewis and clark
was the first American expedition to cross what is now the western portion of the United States. It began near St. Louis, made its way westward, and passed through the continental divide to reach the Pacific coast.
lexington and concord
the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War; The battles marked the outbreak of open armed conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen of its colonies on the mainland of British America
was the acquisition of the Louisiana territory by the United States from France in 1803. The U.S. paid fifty million francs and doubled the US's size over night
that promoted governmental regulation of a nation's economy for the purpose of augmenting state power at the expense of rival national powers. It was the economic counterpart of political absolutism or absolute monarchies.
a U.S. foreign policy regarding European countries in 1823. It stated that further efforts by European nations to colonize land or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as acts of aggression, requiring U.S. intervention
a United States federal statute devised by Henry Clay. It regulated slavery in the country's western territories by prohibiting the practice in the former Louisiana Territory north of the parallel 36°30′ north, except within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri.
Neurality proclamation of 1793
a formal announcement issued by U.S. President George Washington in May 1793, declaring the nation neutral in the conflict between France and Great Britain. It threatened legal proceedings against any American providing assistance to any country at war.
is a legal theory that a state has the right to nullify, or invalidate, any federal law which that state has deemed unconstitutional. The theory of nullification has never been legally upheld by federal courts.
Proclamation of 1763
by King George III following Great Britain's acquisition of French territory in North America after the end of the French and Indian War / Seven Years' War, which forbade all settlement past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains.
Parliament in the local governments of the American colonies to provide the British soldiers with any needed accommodations or housing. It also required colonists to provide food for any British soldiers in the area.
second Continental Congress
was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the summer of 1775, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, soon after warfare in the American Revolutionary War had begun
an armed uprising in Massachusetts (mostly in and around Springfield) during 1786 and 1787. Revolutionary War veteran Daniel Shays led four thousand rebels in an uprising against perceived economic and civil rights injustices. In 1787, the rebels marched on the United States' Armory at Springfield in an unsuccessful attempt to seize its weaponry and overthrow the government.
sons of liberty
an organization of American colonists that was created in the Thirteen American Colonies. The secret society was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to fight taxation by the British government. They played a major role in most colonies in battling the Stamp Act in 1765.
the practice of a successful political party giving public office to its supporters.; Jackson created it
was an act of the Parliament of Great Britain that imposed a direct tax on the colonies of British America and required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp.
a Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy which opposed the United States during Tecumseh's War and became an ally of Britain in the War of 1812.
a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution. Following a 13-day siege, Mexican troops under President General Antonio López de Santa Anna
an American Founding Father and the principal author of the Declaration of Independence. He was elected the second Vice President of the United States, serving under John Adams and was elected the third President in 1800. Jefferson was a proponent of democracy, republicanism, and individual rights
imposed duties on glass, lead, paints, paper and tea imported into the colonies. Townshend hoped the acts would defray imperial expenses in the colonies, but many Americans viewed the taxation as an abuse of power, resulting in the passage of agreements to limit imports from Britain
trail of tears
a series of forced removals of Native American nations from their ancestral homelands in the Southeastern United States to an area west of the Mississippi River that had been designated as Native Territory. The forced relocations were carried out by various government authorities following the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830
treaty of ghent
was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain
treaty of paris
ended the American Revolutionary War.
war of 1812*
a war between the United States and Great Britain, and Britain's Indian allies, lasted from 1812 to 1815. The U.S. declared war and historians have long debated the multiple factors behind that decision.
a tax protest in the United States beginning in 1791 during the presidency of George Washington. The so-called "whiskey tax" was the first tax imposed on a domestic product by the newly formed federal government. It became law in 1791, and was intended to generate revenue to help reduce the national deb
a political and diplomatic episode in 1797 and 1798, early in the administration of John Adams, involving a confrontation between the United States and Republican France that led to an undeclared war called the Quasi-War.
was an undeclared war fought almost entirely at sea between the United States of America and the French Republic from 1798 to 1800. After the toppling of the French crown during the French Revolutionary Wars, the United States refused to continue repaying its debt to France on the grounds that it had been owed to a previous regime. French outrage led to a series of attacks on American shipping
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