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Biz law 5-6
Terms in this set (21)
State that competing companies may not cooperate in fixing prices or in dividing sales regions.
Unlawfully offering or giving anything of value to influence performance of an official
Another variation of larceny. It is entering a building without permission when intending to commit a crime.
An agreement between 2 or more people to commit a crime. The conspiracy is a crime separate from the crime the parties planned to commit.
Contempt of Court
Action that hinders the administration of justice. A witness who refuses to testify after the grant of immunity is in this
The criminal conduct of taking another's property or money by a person to whom it has been entrusted.
AKA blackmail. Obtaining money or other property from a person by wrongful use of force, fear or the power of office. They may threaten to inflict bodily injury.
One who obtains money or other property by lying about a past or existing fact is guilty of this.
A crime punishable by confinement for more than a year in a state prison or by a fine of more than $1,000 or both, or even death.
Falsely making or materially altering a writing to defraud another.
Less serious crime. It is usually punishable by confinement in a county or city jail for less than one year, by fine, or both.
People who lie under an oath are committing this. They may be imprisoned for 2 or 3 years.
Lesser misdemeanors. People convicted of these can only be fines. Also known as infractions. There is no risk of being jailed so the defendant charged cannot be entitled to a jury trial.
An accused person may agree to plead guilty to a less serious crime in exchange for having a more serious charge dropped. The accused voluntarily gives up the right to a public trial to avoid the risk of greater penalty if convicted.
Based on problems with the way evidence is obtained or the way the accused person is arrested, questioned, tried, or punished.
- Variation of larceny. It is the taking of property from another's person or immediate presence against the victim's will, by force or by causing fear (threat).
Disprove, justify, or excuse the alleged crime. Most discredit the facts that state sought to establish.
Offenses committed in the business world. They don't involve force or violence, don't cause injury to people, and don't cause physical damage to property.
Why must crimes be defined in statutory terms
They must be defined this way because statutes tell us what conduct is prohibited so we can conform our conduct to the law.
Why are certain acts crimes in one state and not in others? Why are there varying levels of punishment for the same crime in different states?
Each state can enact whatever laws it wants, subject to constitutional safeguards
Explain significance of main steps in criminal prosecution. Is the cause of justice served when a defense attorney gets his client off because of a loophole in the law?
The significance of the main steps in a criminal prosecution is to make sure that an innocent person isn't arrested for a crime they didn't commit; 100% certainty is needed. It is preferable to let a guilty person walk free than have an innocent person in jail. The cause of justice is not served if a loophole is found in the law. The short term consequences would be that they would be given a second chance to discipline themselves. If this doesn't occur, in the long-term, more people might be hurt due to the crime if they commit it again.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 4 Criminal law
Business Law Chapter 8
Chapter 15 Consumer Protection
Chapter 4 business law
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