61 terms

Computer Science

Algorithm A special method for solving a specific kind of problem Antiglare Screen A filter put over the screen of a computer monitor to reduce glare Application Software Software that performs a specific data=processing function Backup Copying or saving data to a secure location to prevent loss of data in the event of a disaster Bluetooth A technical industry standard that facilitates communication between wireless devices such as personal digital assistants, handheld computers, and wireless en…
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Terms in this set (...)

Central Processing Unit (CPU)
Brain of the computer that performs instructions defined by software
Hard Drive
Storage device that stores digitally encoded data on rapidly rotating rigid disks with magnetic surfaces. The device is either permanently installed within the computer case or can be portable
Motherboard
Printed circuit board on which the CPU, RAM chips and other electronic circuit elements of a digital computer are frequently located.
RAM
Random Access Memory - temporary place to store material that works quickly. erased when computer turns off. Volatile.
Software
Set of instructions that tells the hardware what to do. It is what guides the hardware and tells it how to accomplish each task.
Wireless Network
Any type of computer network that is not connected by cables of any kind.
Operating System (OS)
Software used to control the computer and its peripheral equipment.
Power Supply
A device that provides power to a computer.
Input
device used to insert data into a computer or other device (ex: keyboard, mouse, microphone, scanner, voice recognition)
Output
device that projects images, gives sound, and basically gives out the info from the computer so the user can obtain it (ex: monitor, printer, projector, speakers)
Binary Code
Groupings of 1's and 0's that makes information that a computer can understand.
ROM
Read Only Memory- Permanent instructions that cannot be changed. It makes the BIOS function. Checks your OS.
User Friendly
Something anyone can operate
Order of bytes from least to greatest
bits, byte, kilobyte, megabyte, gigabyte, terabyte.
Auxiliary Storage Devices
ex: network drive, hard drive, flash drive, google drive.
operating system software
Programs that make the computer work. ex: Windows 8, vista, GUI, Linux.
Application Software
ex: Word, Excel, Photoshop, WordPerfect...
Boot Process
starting up a computer from a halted or powered down condition.
Word
use mainly for writing documents
Excel
used mainly for formulas and organizing data
PowerPoint
used for presentations
GUI
graphical user interface
Hardware
computer machinery and equipment
Web Browser
A program that allows a user to view and interact with web pages
Network
a set of computers which are connected to each other and operate as part of the same system, able to exchange information and messages
Client
a desktop computer capable of obtaining info and applications
Server
software capable of accepting requests
Dialog Box
temporary window an application created to retrieve user inpur
Paint
to create graphic art
Quick launch icon/ pinning and arranging
section where user can launch programs
Notification Area
system tray where time and other applications can be accessed
Show Desktop Button
minimizes and maximizes all windows
Status Bar
bottom partition of internet browsers that display state of page
Quick Access Toolbar
quick access to commonly used features
Customize Quick Access Toolbar
add or remove features
Windows Explorer
The main tool for finding, viewing, and managing the contents of your computer by showing the location and contents of every drive, folder, and file.
Jump List
view recent documents in program pinned to taskbar
Gadgets
Windows component can be used to display information such as weather forecasts, time, and news headlines on the desktop
Shake Title Bar
Shake title bar to close window
BASIC
beginners all purpose symbolic instruction code
Program
A set of step-by-step instructions to a computer. Some are burned directly into chips, while others are stored as program files. Programs are written in languages such as BASIC and C++.
Memory/Storage Units
part of computer where data is stored for later use
Multitasking
an operating system feature that allows more than one application to run at a time
Ellipsis
Indicated by a series of three periods, the __ indicates that some material has been omitted from a given text.
File/ Folder
Common storage unit/method for organizing files
Address Bar
Contains address of the current page and is where you enter the location for the webpage you want to visit.
Search Engine
A software program you can use to find Web sites, Web pages, and Internet files.
Bug
Unexpected problem with hardware or software
Copy/Move
duplicating text, data, files, or disks and putting it into another location
Menu/Submenu
List of commands or choices offered to user.
Enhanced Screen Tip
an on-screen note that provides the name of the command, available keyboard shortcuts, a description of the command, and sometimes instructions for how to obtain help about the command
Collapse a folder
Close a folder and close access to documents inside
Expand a folder
To open a folder to access its contents
File Extension
A tag of three or four letters, preceded by a period, which identifies a data file's format or the application used to create the file.
Pixel
Smallest portion of a display or image
Adjacent Files
A file not broken apart
Non- Adjacent Files
A broken up file
Calculator
something used for making mathematical calculations, in particular a small electronic device with a keyboard and a visual display
Taskbar
A bar normally located at the bottom of the Windows desktop, displaying information about open programs and providing quick access to others.
Desktop
(computer science) the area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against which icons and windows appear
Accessories
things that attach onto the computer/ add onto the computers functional capabilities