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Louisiana's French Colonial Era: Struggle and Survival
Terms in this set (24)
The New World
In an attempt to ___________________________________________, European power-nations accidentally landed in the New World
Find a shorter route to china
When the explorers arrived home with________________________the race began to claim the new land.
rich, new resources
The struggle to control North American began on the _________________________
The first established Colonies:
Spanish=___________________________________________, FL in 1565
Europeans=__________________________________, VA in 1607
French=________________________________, in 1608.
Exploring the Mississippi
The French established their first trading posts not on the Gulf Coast but in the cold _____________________________________
The demand for Canadian furs provided the _____________________. that built New France (a.K.a Canada).
Canadian traders wanted to expand their trade, so they searched for the ______________________
________________________: mysterious water route through the North American continent
Joliet & Marquette
The Iroquois described "a great river" that lead them across ____________________________.
In 1673, French fur trader ______________________, Jesuit priest ___________________________, and others set out to explore this unknown river.
They went as far south as the MS River ____________________________________________________.
at that point the encountered the Qua paw Indian Village, who warned of dangerous Indians and Spanish further south.
North America to Asia
at the mouth of the Arkansas river
___________________________________________ made it his life goal to find a water router to China
Rene` Robert Cvalier, Sieur De La Salle
La Salle's trading post in Canada was nicknamed ____________.
Cavalier chose ______________________________ as his lieutenant for the journey.
Henri de Tonti
Tonti was know as a brave and courageous man who lost _________________________________________________ in a previous battle.
legend has it that Tonti amputated his own arm, hence the nickname the Indians gave him ________________________ because he wore an artificial metal hand.
When Lasalle reached the mouth of the MS river, he and his men had a solemn and formal ceremony claiming __________________________________________________ for his king, Louis XIV.
All the land drained by the MS river
La Salle honored his king by naming the land Louisiana, which means ___________________
"land of Louis"
Another purpose of his expedition was to extend the official religion of France, __________________________
______________________________: a journey for a specific purpose I.e. exploration
La Salle returned to France and was rewarded by King Louiks XIV with a small ___________________________________________ and _______________________
_________________________: a group of people who settle in a distant land but who are still under the control of their native land.
fleet of ships and 300 Colonist
La Salle's Wrong turn
Upon his return trip many colonist died at sea, others dies along the desolate beach in _______________________ where he landed.
Men mutinied and __________________________.
Matagorda Bay Tx
In an attempt to protect "Spain's New World," Spanish govn't built a fort on the Gulf of Mexico at _________________________ to claim the Gulf Coast for Spain.
The French King granted a French Canadian Commander, Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur __________________, put into action a plan to protect the MS River from the Spanish
__________________________________________________ was chosen by his brother to accompany him o the expedition.
Jean Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur De Bienville
Iberville was given the responsibility of ___________________________________________
After stopping for supplies at an already established French colony in St Domingue in the _________________________, Ibeerville found the recently established Spanish for at Pensacola Bay.
He continued westward & established a temporary camp made up of a few primitive huts on ____________________ on the coast of present day MS.
establishing a base at the mouth of the MS River
Iberville & Bienville continued their search for the MS River. They questioned the local Indians promising _______________________ to anyone who could deliver any information.
An Indian Chief delivered him a _____________________________, hence, confirming that the brothers did indeed find the great MS River more than _______________________________
The mouth of the river proved to be a poor location for the French fort.
The French decided on a site near present day ____________ and named it _________________________ to honor the French official.
a new axe
a letter from Tonti
13 years later
an Uneasy time
Upon completion of the fort, Iberville journeyed back to France for ________________________________
During his absence, his brother Bienville continued his exploration of the river, but _______________________________ from lack of supplies and food.
In the beginning the local Indians shared their ____________________ with the French, but the French mistreated the Indians.
They treated the Indians as ____________________ making them _____________ and causing __________________
more supplies, soldiers & settlers
the little fort suffered
food skills and culture
Iberville placed cabin boys with the Indians to ____________________________________. Years later, when Bienville was in charge, one when missing. Bienville demanded the N.Am responsible be ______________________. Later, the boy was found alive. the N.Am ______________________ to Bienville's unfair treatment and killed several French traders and priest.
Bienville also retaliated and even more Natives died.
learn the language
put to death
During one of his explorations, bienville encountered larger well-equip __________________ ship heading up-river
in an attempt to protect the small French Fort, Bienville informed the British Captain that France owned the river and he warned if the ship continued up-river they would encounter many more French ships with troops and artillery.
Bienvill'es _______________________ and the English turned around and sailed away.
_______________________________ is just south of New Orleans and is still marked on today's maps.
Building other Forts
After the incident at English Turn, Iberville was convinced a fort was needed at the mouth of the MS River
________________________________(a.k.a Fort Mississippi) was established 54 mi above the mouth of the river in 1700.
Iberville placed his brother, _______________________, in charge of the fort.
Fort De La Boulaye
Building other Forts continued
Fort Maurepas, the first French headquarters, needed to move due to _________________________ &___________________.
_______________________ the new fort, was located in ________________________, and was run by Henri De ___________________.
Once again, after the fort was complete, Iberville went back to France for more supplies & colonists.
The French govn't ____________________________ because they were preoccupied by the _________________________________________________in Europe.
With little supplies and improper defense the colony became increasingly unsteady.
frequent flooding & sandy soil
Fort Louis was located in Mobile Bay, Al
denied his request
war of spanish succession
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