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GOVT 2306 7-9
Terms in this set (36)
Steps in the Legislative Process
Introduction (first reading), referral (assigned to standing committee), standing committee (drafting/report or killed by pigeonholing), floor action (second/third reading and final vote), conference committee (unified bill), and governor's action (sign or veto)
Texas railroad Commission
Regulated intrastate railroads, trucks, and bus transportation, and supervised oil/natural gas industry. 3 members- staggered 6 year terms.
State board of Education
Sets policy for public education, determines licensing requirements for teachers, sets graduation criteria, selects textbooks, and establishes standards for accreditation for public schools. 15 members- staggered 4 year terms.
Elected officials of Plural Executive
Lieutenant Governor (first in line), Attorney General (lawyer for the state), Comptroller of Public Accounts (chief tax administrator), Agriculture Commissioner (administers state ag. law/school lunch program), Land Commissioner (manages state land/veteran's land program).
Appointed officials of Plural Executive
Secretary of state (chief election officer/record keeper), Commissioner of education (head of Texas education agency), Adjutant general (head of Texas national guard).
Burden of proof in criminal case
Beyond a reasonable doubt; results in loss of freedom/life
Burden of proof in civil case
Preponderance of evidence; results in actual/punitive damages.
2. Verdict: guilty/not guilty, liable/not liable
3. Punishment or damages
Taking a case from a lower court to a higher court by the losing party in a lower-court decision. Civil cases look for improper procedure/incorrect application of law, criminal cases look for reversible error/unfair verdict.
Types of bills
Local (city/county), Special (gives individual or corporation exemption from state law), General (applies to all people).
A serious criminal offense punishable by prison sentence/fine; if capital it could lead to death sentence.
Minor criminal offense punishable by fine/jail sentence.
Also known as "indictment". Written statement charging suspect with a crime.
When a grand jury does not believe a crime is warranted.
Types of Resolutions
Concurrent, joint, and simple.
Requirements to serve in Texas House
21 years old, U.S. citizen, state resident for 2 years, district resident for 1 year.
Requirements to serve in Texas Senate
26 years old, U.S. citizen, state resident for 5 years, district resident for 1 year.
Veteran's Land Program
State makes low-cost loans to Texas veterans; includes loans for land, housing, and home improvements.
Attorney general's opinion
Any agency of states or local government can ask the AG's office for advice on the legality of an action. The AG's office will rule on the question, and the ruling has the force of law unless overturned by court/legislature.
Also known as trial jury. Decides whether the defendant committed the crime. Consists of 6-12 people.
Structure for Civil appeals
Supreme court, court of appeals, county level courts, municipal courts/justice of the peace courts
Structure for Criminal appeals
Court of criminal appeals, court of appeals/district courts.
Supreme Court/Court of appeals judge qualifications
Citizen, 35 y/o, practicing attorney/judge for 10 years.
District court judge qualifications
Citizen, resident of district for 2 years, licensed to practice in Texas, attorney/judge for 4 years.
Statutory court judge qualifications
Licensed to practice law.
Constitutional county courts judge qualifications
"Well informed in the law of the state".
JP court judge qualifications
Municipal court judge qualification
Set by city government.
Ex: Capital murder; max. punishment is execution.
First degree felony
Ex: Aggravated Sexual Assault; max. punishment is 5-99 years/life, $10,000 fine.
Second degree felony
Ex: Aggravated assault; max. punishment is 2-20 years, $10,000 fine.
Third degree felony
Ex: Drive-by shooting with no injury; max. punishment is 2-10 years, $10,000 fine.
State jail felony
Ex: Credit card abuse; max. punishment is 180 days-2 years, $10,000 fine.
Class A misdemeanor
1 year. $4,000 fine.
Class B misdemeanor
180 days. $2,000 fine.
Class C misdemeanor
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