Fundamental of Medical Assisting Chapter 15
a type of sphygmomanometer without fluid.
Measurements of height and weight or physical size of a person.
pointed end of an object.
an irregular heartbeat.
pertaining to the ear.
the disappearance of sound when taking blood pressure.
Measurement of body temperature taken in the armpit
initial value used to compare with measurements from subsequent visits.
abnormally slow heartbeat (usually applied to heart rates slower than 60 bpm)
abnormally shallow and slow breathing
Short period of apnea followed by gradually increasing rate and depth of repirations. Respirations gradually slow and become more shallow until another period of apnea is reached. May occur in sleep of an elderly but may be sign of illness of impending death.
a fever that stay about the same elevation all the time or returns to the same level about 4 hours after being treated.
rapid and deep respirations.
abnormally high fever
excessive body heat
rapid, deep respirations that result in excessive loss of carbon dioxide.
slow and shallow breathing
abnormally low body temperature, usually due to exposure to cold environment.
fever rises and returns to normal in a regular pattern
temperature measurements using the mouth
difficulty breathing except in the erect or upright position.
sudden drop in blood pressure a person experiences when standing up suddenly
use finger to feel
temperature measurement in the rectum
a fever that appears to go away then returns.
a fever that rises and falls but always remains above normal.
a device used to measure blood pressure.
a device used to listen to body sounds.
a pulse rate over 100 beats per minute.
an abnormally rapid rate of respiration, usually above 20 breaths per minute
temperature measurements in ear using eardrum.
mechanisms the body uses to produce and conserve heat
metabolism, muscle activity, and constriction of superficial blood vessels.
mechanisms the body uses to to lose or reduce body heat
perspiration, elimination and, dialation of superficial blood vessels.
low fever range
99 - 101 degrees
moderate fever range
101.1 -103 degrees fahrenheit
high fever range
103.1 - 105 degrees fahrenheit
fever over 105 degrees fahrenheit
number of beats a minute
space between pulsation
strength of each contraction
number of respirations a minute
how even or uneven breathing is
the amount of air inhaled and exhaled.
pressure against artery walls when ventricles contract.
pressure against artery walls when ventricles relax.
about 1/2 inch in front of the opening of the ear.
to the right and left of the adam's apple
pointed end of the heart at the 5th intercoastal space to the left of the sternum
inner aspect of the arm at bend of the the elbow
on the thumbside of the wrist.
at the top of each leg in the middle of the groin.
at the back of the knee
upper surface of the foot.
pulse rate infant
110 - 170 bpm
pulse rate child 1-7 years
80 - 120 bpm
pulse rate child 7-12 years
60 - 110 bpm
pulse rate adult
60 - 100 bpm
respiratory rate infant
30 - 60
respiratory rate child 1-7 years
18 - 30
respiratory rate child 7 -12 years
respiratory rate adult
14 - 20
avg infant birth to 1 year bp
avg toddler 1 - 3 years bp
avg preschool 3 - 6 years bp
avg school age 6 - 13 years bp
avg adolescent 13 - 19 years bp