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Fundamental of Medical Assisting Chapter 15

Fundamental of Medical Assisting Chapter 15
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aneroid
a type of sphygmomanometer without fluid.
anthropometric
Measurements of height and weight or physical size of a person.
apex
pointed end of an object.
apnea
absent respirations.
arrhythmia
an irregular heartbeat.
aural
pertaining to the ear.
auscultatory gap
the disappearance of sound when taking blood pressure.
axillary
Measurement of body temperature taken in the armpit
baseline
initial value used to compare with measurements from subsequent visits.
bradycardia
abnormally slow heartbeat (usually applied to heart rates slower than 60 bpm)
bradypnea
abnormally shallow and slow breathing
Cheyne-Stokes respirations
Short period of apnea followed by gradually increasing rate and depth of repirations. Respirations gradually slow and become more shallow until another period of apnea is reached. May occur in sleep of an elderly but may be sign of illness of impending death.
continuous fever
a fever that stay about the same elevation all the time or returns to the same level about 4 hours after being treated.
diurnal
daily
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
hyperpnea
rapid and deep respirations.
hyperpyrexia
abnormally high fever
hyperthermia
excessive body heat
hyperventilation
rapid, deep respirations that result in excessive loss of carbon dioxide.
hypopnea
slow and shallow breathing
hypothermia
abnormally low body temperature, usually due to exposure to cold environment.
intermittent fever
fever rises and returns to normal in a regular pattern
oral
temperature measurements using the mouth
orthropnea
difficulty breathing except in the erect or upright position.
orthostatic hypotension
sudden drop in blood pressure a person experiences when standing up suddenly
palpate
use finger to feel
pyrexia
fever
rectal
temperature measurement in the rectum
relapsing fever
a fever that appears to go away then returns.
remittent fever
a fever that rises and falls but always remains above normal.
sphygmomanometer
a device used to measure blood pressure.
stethoscope
a device used to listen to body sounds.
tachycardia
a pulse rate over 100 beats per minute.
tachypnea
an abnormally rapid rate of respiration, usually above 20 breaths per minute
tympanic
temperature measurements in ear using eardrum.
BP
blood pressure
ft
feet
ht
height
in
inch
lb
pound
wt
weight
oz
ounce
P
pulse
R
respirations
T
temperature
mechanisms the body uses to produce and conserve heat
metabolism, muscle activity, and constriction of superficial blood vessels.
mechanisms the body uses to to lose or reduce body heat
perspiration, elimination and, dialation of superficial blood vessels.
low fever range
99 - 101 degrees
moderate fever range
101.1 -103 degrees fahrenheit
high fever range
103.1 - 105 degrees fahrenheit
hyperpyrexia range
fever over 105 degrees fahrenheit
pulse rate
number of beats a minute
pulse rhythm
space between pulsation
pulse volume
strength of each contraction
respiration rate
number of respirations a minute
respiration rhythm
how even or uneven breathing is
respiration depth
the amount of air inhaled and exhaled.
systolic pressure
pressure against artery walls when ventricles contract.
diastolic pressure
pressure against artery walls when ventricles relax.
temporal pulse
about 1/2 inch in front of the opening of the ear.
cartoid pulse
to the right and left of the adam's apple
apical pulse
pointed end of the heart at the 5th intercoastal space to the left of the sternum
brachial pulse
inner aspect of the arm at bend of the the elbow
radial pulse
on the thumbside of the wrist.
femoral pulse
at the top of each leg in the middle of the groin.
popliteal pulse
at the back of the knee
dorsalis pedis
upper surface of the foot.
pulse rate infant
110 - 170 bpm
pulse rate child 1-7 years
80 - 120 bpm
pulse rate child 7-12 years
60 - 110 bpm
pulse rate adult
60 - 100 bpm
respiratory rate infant
30 - 60
respiratory rate child 1-7 years
18 - 30
respiratory rate child 7 -12 years
20 -26
respiratory rate adult
14 - 20
avg infant birth to 1 year bp
90/50
avg toddler 1 - 3 years bp
90/50
avg preschool 3 - 6 years bp
90/56
avg school age 6 - 13 years bp
110/70
avg adolescent 13 - 19 years bp
120/ 80
avg adult bp
120/80