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Unit 1: Chapter 2- Balancing Liberty and Order (1753-1820): Terms: America Pathways to the Present 2005
Terms in this set (29)
French and Indian War
a war in North America between France and Britain (both aided by indian tribes)
a group's refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies
The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five americans
First Continental Congress
Delagates from all colonies except georgia met to discuss problems with britain and to promote independence
Battles of Lexington and Concord
April 19, 1775, First shots were fired in Lexington, starting the Revolutionary War.
A war between the British and the colonists. The colonists wanted to be free of British rule.
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the Second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
Articles of Confederation
a written agreement ratified in 1781 by the thirteen original states
government by the people
a form of government in which power is in the hands of representatives and leaders are elected by citizens who have the right to vote.
United States Constitution
Document that lays out the basic principles of American government. Has governed the United States for over 200 years.
federal system of government
a system in which power is shared among state and national authorities
separation of powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
supporters of the constitution
people who opposed the Constitution
Bill of RIghts
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)
the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something
way of interpreting the Constitution that allows the federal government to take only those actions the Constitution specifically says it can take
belief that the government can do anything that the constitution does not prohibit
an organization to gain political power
Marbury v. Madison
established concept of judicial review, first time supreme court declared something 'unconstitutional'
review by a court of law of actions of a government official or entity or of some other legally appointed person or body or the review by an appellate court of the decision of a trial court
The U.S., under Jefferson, bought this territory from France in 1803 doubling the size of the country overnight. The U.S. paid $15 million.
a government order imposing a trade barrier
War of 1812
War between the U.S. and Great Britain which lasted until 1814, ending with the Treaty of Ghent and a renewed sense of American nationalism
a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
an agreement in 1820 between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories
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