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Unit 1: Chapter 3- An Emerging Nation (1783-1861): Terms: America Pathways to the Present 2005
Terms in this set (38)
1819, Spain gives up Florida and the Pacific Northwest to the United States.
Schools were not to teach just academics, but also to develop character. Virtues the America people wanted to develop included self-reliance, industry, frugality, harmony, and the sacrifice of individual need for the good of the community.
Ongoing effort over many decades to increase production by using machines powered by sources other than humans or animals in the 1700s.
All parts of a machine are made to an exact standard to which they can be switched out of needed.
A machine to separate the seeds from raw cotton fibers.
second great awakening
1800s renew of religious faith among Protestant Christians.
Shift from a home-based, often agricultural, economy to one based on money and the buying and selling of goods.
The making of goods by machinery.
free enterprise system
Economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods.
Wealth that can be invested to produce goods and make money.
Growth of industry.
A work stoppage intended to force an employer to meet certain demands, as in the demand for higher wages.
Organization of workers formed to protect the interest of its members.
Declaration by President Monroe in 1823 that the Untied States would oppose efforts by any outside power to control a nation in the Western Hemisphere.
A state's rejection of a federal law.
The powers that the Constitution neither gives to the federal government nor denies to the states.
To withdraw formally from membership in a group or organization.
Trail of Tears
The forced movement of Cherokees in 1838 to land west of the Mississippi River.
Philosophical movement of the mid-1800's that emphasized spiritual discovery and insight rather than reason.
An organized campaign to eliminate alcohol consumption.
Refraining from some activity, such as drinking.
A small society dedicated to perfection in social and political conditions.
Movement to end slavery.
A network of escape routes that provided protection and transportation for slaves fleeing north to freedom.
Seneca Falls Convention
The first woman's rights convention in United States history, held in 1848.
The right to vote.
Unequal treatment of a group of people because of their nationality, race, sex, or religion.
Undeniable fate for Americans to possess the entire continent
to join or to attach
Conflict between the united states and mexico from 1846-1848 ending with a United States victory
Compromise of 1850
Henry Clays proposed plan to seek a middle ground on slavery. that had 5 parts. 1. California is admitted as a free state. 2. New Mexico and Utah would vote to have slavery or not. 3. Congres would no longer allow the sale of slaves, but not slavery in Washington DC. 4. Texas would give up claims to New Mexico for $10 million 5. Fugitive slave act order all citizens to assist in the return of slaves and deny the jury trial of escaped slaves
unreasonable, usually unfavorable, opinion of another group that is not based on fact
Creation of 2 new territories, Kansas and Nebraska and Popular Sovereignty
a movement to ensure that native-born Americans receive better treatment than immigrants.
Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri
Confederate States of America
States that seceded from the Union, starting with South Carolina. 6 more states seceded joined to create a new nation. Jefferson Davis of Mississippi was elected president.
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