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AP US History 20-21
Terms in this set (77)
Federal commander of Fort Sumter for the North, surrendered, lost
Southern, COnfederate commander at Ft. Sumter; learned artillery from Robert Anderson
important during the Civil War, Lincoln really wants Kentucky on N/Union side so that the S does not have access and cant cross the river
factory that produced iron products in Richmond, VA; a plus for the south, one of their biggest factories
The "Star of the West"
a ship sent by James Buchanan to give food, etc. to the soldiers at Fort Sumter in Feb 1861
Lincoln made Fremont a general and told him to make sure Missouri stays with the Union; Fremont decrees that every slave in Missouri is free; Lincoln had to take away this decree
Thomas Jonathan Jackson; confederate; won the battle of Bull Run -> where he got his nickname
The Capitol Dome
Lincoln made his inaugural speech and the dome was behind him and it was not completed, bad sign
Lincoln took this away; allowed his army to arrest anyone w/o a trial in court; biggest in Maryland and Missouri
Lincoln decides to suffocate the South; Gideon Welles is in charge of, secretary of Navy; The Russians offered the North ships to use in their blockade
secretary of the Navy, in charge of the blockade
Offered ships to the North for them to use in the blockade against the South; dont like whoever France and England like
secretary of war during Civil War; at Lincoln's funeral he said "Now he belongs to the ages."
"Billy Yank" vs. "Johnny Reb"
billy yank is northern soldier and johnny reb is southern soldier
nickname for secession; what the North thought the war was about
the "curse" of states rights
Jefferson Davis' problem in not being able to win war- he couldnt control anything amongst the southern states
Morrill Land Grant Act
wants to encourage education in the west; for every congressman there will be 30,000 acres in the west for education
encouraged families to go west; 160 acres for free but they must stay for 5 years
2% -> $4,000
federal govt started income tax for the first time
US Sanitary Commission
dealt with sick soldiers and employed nurses to care for them; Mary Ann Bickerdyke
Jay Cooke sells these bonds; had to wait 5 yrs but not past 20 yrs
Salmon P. Chase
secretary of the treasury for Lincoln; had the idea of "greenbacks" for the North; he is eventually chief justice and presides over the 1st impeachment
The "San Jacinto"
Northern ship that stops the Trent; Mason and Slidell are the confederate ambassadors to Britain; Lincoln eventually lets them go
invention for tapping oil in Titusville, PA; 1859; Rockefeller eventually becomes wealthy with Standard Oil Co.
Battle of Bull Run (southern name)
Union strategy of suffocating the south; winfield scott
devised the anaconda plan; his nickname was "old fuss and feathers"
Lincoln said of George McClellan because he never actually wanted to fight
The Peninsula Campaign; Mechanicsville, Gaine's Mill, Savage's Station; Fraser's Farm; Malvern Hill (all around Richmond, VA)
name for French infantry in N Africa that wore multi-colored uniforms. Some men during civil war did the same
The Monitor(N) & Merrimack(S, "the VA")
swedish, desgner of Monitor --> "yankee cheesebox on a raft"
March 9,1862; battle of Monitor v Merrimack off the coast of VA; 4hrs long, no one actually won
Sharpsburg (southern name)
Antietam (northern name); Maryland; bloodiest single day of the war; northern officers found the souths battle plans; allows Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proc, (no one is actually free)
Like new years day for African Americans; celebrating the day they were freed
The Eman. Proc. is issued by Lincoln, NOT congress, therefore it is considered a war measure
Robert Gould Shaw
white man that is the head of the black 54th regiment in MA
54th regiment's chance to fight in the war, they lose
Fredicksburg battle; huge hill the soldiers they had to climb, southern soldiers shot down the union soldiers from the bottom of the hill; southerners win
Shoes... & Gettysburg
Lee and his battlemen were going to head to Gettysburg to get shoes at a shoe factory..... ended in the bloodiest battle/biggest
"Highwater mark of Confederacy"
Pickett's Charge; confederates could have won, their closest chance at winning the war
Spoke for 2hrs at Gettysburg in Boston,MA; Lincoln spoke for 2min "4 score and 7 years" (87yrs, 1776)
Nathan Bedford Forrest
"forest gump", founded KKK
"unconditional surrenderer", Ulysses S. Grant
Conf. name for Shiloh battle in TN; bloodiest war in the west theater
The Confederate Gibraltar, surrended at Appotomax Cthouse on July 4
The "Port Royal Experiment"
Carolina Coast; slaves were left on an island to do what they wanted, and harvest and make of the land what they could; tried to prove that slaves could live independently; FAILS bc former owners want the land back
Conscription-the draft, 1st time Contraband- slaves are not free, but they aren't slaves anymore, property of the war Copperheads- any Northerner who opposed Lincoln, "Peace Democrats", Vallandigham
The "Union Party" & Andy
Lincoln does not postpone the election bc of the war; Lincoln replaces "Rep" party with "union party"; Lincoln runs with Andrew Johnson who is a war democrat; McClellan is the democratic candidate
"Don't Swap Horses"
Lincoln asks of voters during election to vote for him, let him finish what he started
naval hero in Mobile Bay, New Orleans, Shenadoah Valley
Calvary officer in Union; Shenadoah Valley
Grant's friend; "march to the sea" atlanta to savannah "bowties"-> Sherman hairpins trees with RRs
in GA; confederate Prisoner of War prison, held 10,000 union soldiers; Sherman liberated them on his march to the sea
Anaconda Plan (places)
"The Wilderness", Spotsyvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg; All in VA and Lee v Grant
"our american cousin"
play at Fords Theater; where Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth, jumps, breaks his leg
"sic semper tyrannis"
what john booth said when he jumped to the stage, means 'ever this to tyrants' VA state motto
help John Wilkes Booth; supposed to kill VP Johnson but gets scared; is hanged
helped john wilkes booth; help booth get out of DC; hanged
was supposed to kill Seward, but Seward lived; hanged
ran a boarding house for John Wilkes booth and others to stay in; hanged
"ex parte" Milligan (1866)
courtcase, the defendant is not in the courtroom, he is in jail, lawyers speak for him; Milligan was a Copperhead, in jail for a conspiracy he tried to form to break out the Confederates POW; *cannot try civilians in military courts when the state courts are available
"with malice toward none..."
Abraham Lincoln, 2nd Inaugural Address, asking the North to forgive the South
Where Robert E. Lee used to live, was his backyard, turned into a cemetery with over 250,00 bodies, in DC
Moderates & Radicals
Republicans/Moderates- reconstruction quickly. Radicals- make the south suffer, came up with the Wade Davis Bill (50%, Lincoln pocket vetoes)
Benjamin Wade & Henry Winter Davis
want to delay reconstruction; wrote the Wade-Davis Bill; reqd that 50% took an oath to always be faithful and that they have never been disfaithful "ironclad oath"
GA (atlanta); "lost cause"- south are not sorry for the war; Stonewall Jackson, Robert E. Lee, Jefferson Davis; a statue of the 3 done in the 1900s
what parents told the little kids about northerners, one word
Mutual Aid Societies
American Missionary Association (AMA); African Methodist Episcopalan Church (AME); Freedmen's Bureau (biggest failure)
idleness=black codes, loitering-black pple could be arrested for simply sitting around and if they argued with the sheriff then the sheriff could sell them or put them back into work
blacks protesting black codes...
an annual contract signed by slaves, issued by Freedman's Bureau
Joint Committee Reconstruction; the govt sent 15 congressmen to the South to see progress, but there was NONE
White farmer gives former black slave 50 acres or so of land and allows them to grow on it, work together, the white farmer gets certain % of their profits (rent %)
"crop lien system"
System by which storekeepers extended credit to small farmers for food and supplies in exchange for a lien on their crops. Often manipulated to keep the farmers in debt.
The "other Andy"
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