Terms in this set (64)
A proposed law.
To make a change to the constitution.
Political theory that the government is subject to the will of the people.
Permission granted to police to search a person's property/home.
Right of the Supreme Court to determine whether a law violates the Constitution.
Powers shared by state and federal government.
Congress is allowed to make laws that are "Necessary and Proper"
What is the structure of the Constitution, what does it begin with?
The Preamble is followed by what?
What follows the Preamble and the 7 Articles?
What words does the Constitution begin with and why?
We The People because the Framers of the Constitution wanted to show that the power is given to the people.
What six goals does the Preamble list?
1) More perfect Union. 2) Establish justice.
3) Insure domestic tranquility. 4) Provide for the common defense. 5) Promote the general welfare. 6) Secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our posterity.
The federal government is divided into three different branches, and each branch can limit the power of the other. This is called a system of what?
Checks and balances.
Why do we have this system of checks and balances?
As to not let the president/federal government become too powerful, and turn the government into a tyranny.
What is another name for the legislative branch?
Congress is bicameral, or divided into two Houses. What are they?
1) House of Representatives. 2) Senate.
What are the requirements for becoming a Representative?
- 25 years old
- Citizen of the United States for 7 years
- Resident of the state they represent
What are the requirements for becoming a Senator?
- 30 years old
- Citizen of the United States for 9 years
- Resident of the state they represent
Who elects Representatives and Senators?
How long is the term of a Representative?
How long is the term of a Senator?
What is the title of the leader of the House of Representatives?
Speaker of the House.
Who is the President of the Senate?
Who takes the place of the President of the Senate if he or she is not present?
The presiding officer (president pro tempore)
A bill becomes a law when both Houses of Congress pass it with a simple majority and the President does what?
What can the President do if he/she doesn't want to sign the bill?
How may Congress respond to the veto of the President?
Override it with a two-thirds majority vote in both the House and Senate.
Bills go through committees as they pass through Congress. What happens in a conference committee?
Differences between the House and the Senate versions are worked out.
What does a revenue or tax bill have to do with?
Which part of Congress can introduce a revenue or tax bill?
House of Representatives.
Can Congress pass bills of attainder, and why?
No, because one can't take away someone's right to jury, that would be violated the people's rights.
Can Congress pass ex post facto laws and why?
No because it would be unfair to a person if they did something that was legal when they did it, but were later punished for it.
Does Congress grant marriage and driver's licenses, who does?
No, people in the states grant marriage and driver's licenses.
What forces a jailer or other official to bring a prisoner into court so the judge can decide whether he or she is being lawfully held. What is the purpose for this?
A writ of Habeas Corpus. You cannot be unfairly put in jail.
What do you do when you impeach a public official? Who has this power in Congress?
You bring charges against him/her. House of Representatives.
After the House of Representatives impeaches someone, who tries that person?
What is the President's term, and what is the maximum number of years he/she can serve for?
4 years, and a maximum of 10 years.
How is the President elected? (since the President is not really elected by the popular vote of the people)
By the elector/electoral college vote.
How many total votes are in the Electoral College?
How many Electoral College votes does it take to become President?
Is it possible for a candidate to win with a majority of electoral votes but not a majority of popular votes?
If no candidate in an election for President receives a majority of electoral votes, or if there is a tie, who elects the President?
House of Representatives.
If the President cannot finish his or her term in office, who takes his place? Who is the next in line after that?
Vice president, and then the Speaker of the House.
Who appoints someone to become a member of the Cabinet? Who confirms him or her?
The President appoints the person and the Senate confirms that person.
Can the President declare war?
Who can declare war?
What is the highest court in the United States?
The Supreme Court.
In what cases do federal courts settle disputes?
When two states are in a disagreement.
Who are the Supreme Justices and federal judges appointed and confirmed by?
Appointed by the President, confirmed by the Senate.
How long do Supreme Court Justices and federal judges serve?
For life, or as long as they wish during "good behavior".
Who has the power to admit new states into the Union?
After an amendment is proposed, what is needed to make it part of the Constitution?
At least 3/4 of the states must accept the amendment before it becomes a law.
What is the supreme law of the land?
What is the status of public debt incurred before the Constitution?
Debt is honored by the new United States government.
Why was the Constitution difficult to ratify?
It lacked a Bill of Rights.
Can Congress grant titles of nobility?
What are some powers denied to the States?
Conducting foreign affairs, issuing currency, carrying on a war, passing laws that federal gov't can't pass.
How must states grant rights to their citizens?
States must grant citizens from other states the same rights as their own citizens.
How can the Senate check the Supreme Court?
Create lower federal courts, impeach and remove judges, and approve appointments of judges.
How can the Supreme Court check Congress?
Can declare laws unconstitutional and review lower court decisions.
How does the Supreme Court check the President?
Can rule that executive acts are unconstitutional
How does the President check the court?
Appoint Supreme Court and federal judges, appoints judges, and grant reprieves and pardons.
Who settles disputes between states?
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