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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. evolutionary psychology
  2. identical twins
  3. social learning theory
  4. gender identity
  5. DNA
  1. a the theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished
  2. b a complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes
  3. c one's sense of being male or female
  4. d the study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using principles of natural selection.
  5. e twins who develop from a single fertilized egg that splits in two, creating two genetically identical organisms

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein
  2. the most important of the male sex hormones. Both males and females have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 130)
  3. the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those that lead to increased reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations
  4. the effect of one factor (such as environment) depends on another factor (such as heredity)
  5. a random error in gene replication that leads to a change

5 True/False questions

  1. gener schema theorytheory that children learn from their cultures a concept of what it means to be male and female and that they adjust their behaviors accordingly


  2. chromosomesthe sex chromosome found in both men and women. females have two x chromosomes; males have one. an x chromosome from each parent produces a female child


  3. fraternal twinstwins who develop from separate eggs. They are genetically no closer than brothers and sisters, but they share a fetal environment


  4. temperamentevery nongenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the people and things around us


  5. gender typinga set of expected behaviors for males and for females