Upgrade to remove ads
History of Furnishings: French Baroque
Terms in this set (39)
Home of Nicolas Foquet; He was the Minster of Finance.
succession of rooms that lead from room to room to room, start out being very public, and get more private as you go through.
Style of floor plan; very complex system, men and women didn't share the same bedroom; only hallway you have is the Hall of Mirrors.
French Home Walkthrough
Would start out in an Ante room-where you would receive visitors, then into a bedchamber, and then a closet (an office)
Where your most important papers/things were kept
Originally a small hunting lodge erected by Louis XIII; Adds on to it-it would be the center.
Wanted to bring his whole administrative branch out to Versailles, so they won't have to commute back and forth from Paris.
Wanted to make the Louve a place for artists/with studios.
Versailles: the people
Needed to house 10,000 people; to build Versailles, 36,000 people were hired
Versailles: Charles LeBrun
a painted, was appointed art director
Versailles: Louis LeVau
the architect, commenced the building in 1668.
Versailles: Jules Mansart
continues as architect in 1679 (Designed the Hall of mirrors).
Versailles: Andre Le Norte (1613-1700)
is the most well known of all French Landscape gardeners (First real landscape architect).
Town of Versailles 1
Louis spend a 100 million dollars to build Versailles
The first complex dwelling that was planned in contact with nature-totally integrated; take visual experience from inside to outside and outside to inside.
33 acres; the great park and gardens have been the prototype of all town planning
Town of Versailles 2
The grounds at Versailles consisted of vast pastures, flowers, lakes, canals, and fountains.
Its canals were filled with gondolas and provision was made for every sort of activity-sports, hunting, fishing, and festivals.
Fireworks were invented during this time, first shown at Versailles.
Versailles: Hall of Mirrors
The most important public room in the palace, designed by Mansart and decorated by LeBrun.
Green marble pilasters (capital's are gilded) that flank mirrors with the windows and mirrors are directly across from each other; lights up at night with the chandelier; stools against the wall.
Versailles & Tapestries
Louis purchased the Gobelins tapestry looms in 1662, appointed LeBrun director and chief designer, and later purchased the Beauvais looms.
Goal was to make things for the royal palaces; re-started the interest in tapestry and revived the industry
All the public spaces are purposely designed in a great scale for entertaining in the "most regal manner"; only the best materials are going to be used.
Great formality of design, ego attached to it, extravagant workmanship; really the materials that provide the visual interests and characteristics.
As you move towards the private spaces, you see a difference in materials-walls that were wood (paneling); marble was used in all the public spaces.
Movable objects and furniture were regarded as secondary motifs.
Windows, wall, doors, and ceilings were the important elements; as a result, furniture is pushed against the wall and the room itself was empty
(would move pieces in the center of the room when needed)
Versailles Interiors: Royal Bedchamber
Walls covered with fabric; used gold thread in the fabric. Gilded baluster in front of the bed.
Public had to witness the "royal awakening" (being put to bed and when awaking); would have a medical doctor there, townspeople who wanted to see it.
Would leave to go to the bedroom he shared with the wife after the "ceremonies" had ended.
Versailles Interiors: Boiserie
is generally used to designate the carved wood paneling of the French periods; white and gold gilding
Versailles Interiors: Flooring
Were oak parquet pattern or black and white marble squares; Savonnerie carpet and Aubusson carpet:
Versailles Interiors: Flooring: Savonnerie Carpet
knotted pile carpet from the Savonnerie (means silk in French) Factory founded by Louis XIV.
Woven by a special order; used in all the palaces. Color wise: they are in rich, bright colors
Versailles Interiors: Flooring: Abusson Carpet
Woven carpet without pile; named for the town in France where the rugs were produced; Floral patterns were typical with a pastel palette
Crystal or carved wood chandeliers hung in the center of the room, additional light was given by torchers, wall brackets, and elaborate candle stands
The king's monogram, the two intertwining L's in script form, was often placed in a cartouche located over a door or window or in the center of the panel
Versailles Interiors Accessories:
consisted of busts, hanging mirrors, oriental pottery, terracotta urns, statues in bronze or marble, paintings, portraits, and extensive use of wall tapestries
Louis persuaded Bernini to redesign the Louve.
The large scale and great richness of the interiors of the Louis XIV period make them inappropriate for modern use
Furniture: Boulle Work
Andre Charles Boulle-cabinetmaker to Louis XIV
He is famous for the brass and tortoiseshell marquetry to which he gave his name-Boulle Work.
Can see animal form, but won't be confused with Italians because they don't use Boulle work (only Louis could afford it)
Everything comes in pairs; one template becomes the opposite of the other-inverse pattern and color.
Took a long time to produce and very expensive.
Furniture: Boulle Work: Ormolu
Protective piece so that the edges of the Boulle work don't come up/separate-like the baseboard on a floor-hides and seals the edge; Used at the bottom of legs and furniture, drawers, and corners
Furniture: Saltier (French)/Saltire (English)
stretchers in X-form of Italian origin, sometimes scrolled or in serpentine form with a finial in the center
Furniture: Typical French Baroque armchair (FAUTEUIL)
Tall, rectangular back framed by carved wooden arms (gilded); down turning arms terminating in massive volutes.
Stretcher system-either saltier or H-form; use of gilding.
Caned back, gilded wood; square pedestal leg. Embroidered silk
Furniture: Wing Chair
Popular chair developed during this time period; Scroll legs (walnut). Designed with extensions that shielded the face from drafts
Furniture: French Canape
Designed with rectangular back framed by carved and gilt wood; square seat with carved decorative apron. Eight legs connected by stretchers
Made in pairs; Boulle work; Made with 2 or more drawers
Furniture: Commode and mirror
Marble top of choice because it was safer and easier surface to remove candle wax; commode for Versailles.
Boulle work; use of classical elements such as gilt-bronze Roman sphinx.
Carved and gilded wooden table; Some were functional, some were for aesthetics.
Side table at Versailles; Designed by Charles LeBrun
Furniture: Writing Desk
Knee-hole writing table; top is leather (works better for the fountain pen and absorbs excess ink).
Boulle work; square pedestal legs that are tapered. Saltier stretcher
Two-section cabinet; use of marquetry
Walnut bureau (bookcase); double-bonnet top (curve at the top).
Finials and ball feet.
Top cabinet opens and middle section folds down for a writing surface.
Drawers at bottom.
Furniture: Jewell Cabinet
Made of ebony (dark wood); cabinetmakers who specialized in working with ebony were known as ebenistes.
Use of peitra dura or intarsia for botanical patterns
Furniture: Cabinet on a Stand
rests on a stand, Boulle work
Furniture: Armoire Wardrobe
One of a pair; Boulle floral marquetry.
Use of Ormolu, bracket feet
He was Protestant; He was an architect
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Materials & Methods Quiz Divisions 6 & 8
History of Furnishings: French Renaissan…
Materials & Method Chapters 36, 45, 46
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
History 1 test 3
ID 142 Quiz 2
8.2 Gothic Art
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
History of Furnishings: English Baroque
History of Furnishings: Italian Baroque
Blur: Chapter 8
Blur: Chapter 7
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Northern Ireland 1922-1968
EGZAMIN Z JEBANEGO RACHUNKU