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Building Construction Ch. 3 & 5
Terms in this set (79)
Which code regulates the activities that take place in new construction as well as existing buildings?
__________ spell out what types of buildings can be built in specific locations in a city and what they can be used for.
Who is the leading person in the building design process?
Which engineer designs the layout of the site, including parking, drainage, and roadways?
A certificate of occupancy cannot be issued until?
All code regulations have been fulfilled
Preliminary site work involves testing the soil for quality and __________.
Structures that will be erected on very weak soils may need to use deep foundations such as _________ and _________.
Which of the following will protect walls in the excavation process from collapsing?
Which term defines a foundation wall in an excavation that is heavily reinforced with steel and temporarily filled with a liquid slurry mixture that is subsequently displaced by concrete?
The __________ is used to support poured concrete during the curing process.
What is one of the major problems with the renovation process of an older building?
The prospect of a new occupancy classification
The stone arch works because all members of the arch are under __________, and little or no tensile load is place on a material that is weak in tensile strength.
A "board" is known to be greater than _____ inches nominal thickness.
Dimensional lumber is known to have what nominal thickness?
Wood that has a nominal thickness of greater than or equal to 5 inches is known as?
What material is known to make wood sheeting lose its strength over time?
The strands in oriented strand board are laid?
At right angles
The dimensions of oriented strand board (OSB) are smaller than that of plywood. What are the dimensions of OSB?
Portland cement mortar became available in what year?
What are the dimensions of a typical concrete masonry unit?
8" x 16"
The hollow cores in reinforcement bars are known as?
Concrete is a mixture of portland cement, water, and __________.
Concrete is tested in _________ because it virtually has no tensile strength.
Reinforced concrete is a _________ material.
How much carbon is contained within wrought iron?
How much carbon is contained in cast iron?
Structural steel will fail between ______ _____ degrees Fahrenheit.
Cold-drawn steel will fail at what temperature?
800 Degrees F
The _________ window is said to be hurricane resistant and nearly impossible to break for firefighting ventilation.
All of the following are typical examples of plastics used in construction today except:
Which type of construction plastic will char and burn, but does not flow?
Which type of plastics is reinforced with fiberglass and is used for corrugated and flat plastic panels and some automobile panels?
__________ is an inert material composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate.
What term best defines bending that combines both compression and tension?
Which of the following would give steel a greater ability to span a gap?
A __________ is a shaft of concrete placed under a building column or wall extending down to bedrock
Which term best defines a grooved rigid material that is often metal?
__________ are concrete pads, usually heavily reinforced, that transfer the loads of piers or columns to the ground.
Which term best defines a series of large timbers or steel sections driven into soft ground down to bedrock to provide a solid foundation for the superstructure of a building?
_________ is a braced sheeting used in soil walls to protect against collapse.
What is the simplest definition of fire?
Rapid oxidation (chemical) reaction that produces heat and visible light
Which of the following elements of fire is known as a reducing agent ?
What type of heat transfer is observed when heat is transferred into another area of the building along a steel I-beam?
Which type of heat transfer is associated with autoignition?
Autoexposure is the spread of fire from one floor to the floor above in a multistory building through a combination of which types of heat transfer?
Radiation and convection
What is the space around the fire called by fire scientists?
Which stage of fire is considered the second stage, in which the fire spreads to adjacent combustible materials?
Free Burning (stage 2)
Which stage of fire is characterized by glowing combustion?
In a compartment fire, the space between the hot ceiling layer and the cooler air flowing into the compartment is known as the:
The process of fresh air being drawn into the fire at a low level and feeding the fire is known as:
Fire burning in a room will be influenced by several factors. Which of the following would be considered the primary factor?
Which of the following plays a significant role in the degradation of construction materials?
Fire duration and size
Which of the following greatly influences the growth and development of fire in a structure?
Which of the following was a major factor in the loss of lives at the Cocoanut Grover nightclub fire in 1942?
inadequate exits and overcrowding
Which of the following was a common factor in the fire deaths at the Dorothy Mae Apartment fire in Los Angeles, California, in 1982 and the Elliott Chamber Boarding House in Beverly, Massachusetts, in 1984?
What are the ways in which interior finishes may increase the fire hazard?
generation of smoke and toxic products
What was low-density fiberboard, which was first produced in the 1930s, made of?
Made of wood fibers or sugar cane residue called bagasse
In 1949, a tragic fire occurred at the St. Anthony's Hospital in Effingham, Illinois, taking the lives of 74 persons, most of whom were infants in a nursery. What was a major contributor to the fire spread in this incident?
Which of the following would be considered a hidden hazard associated with interior finishes?
Tiles and fiberboard, paper, fabrics, cork, rattan, many types of wood, plastics, and carpeting.
In what year did the Big Top fire occur in Hartford, Connecticut, taking the lives of 168 persons who were trapped?
July 6, 1944
How fast was the U.S. Pavilion in Montreal, which was a geodesic dome covered with a clear plastic skin, destroyed during a fire in 1967?
Which of the following was a primary factor leading to the deaths of six fire fighters in the Worcester Cold Storage warehouse fire in December of 1999?
rapid spread of fire across the interior surface of the building
How thick were the brick walls of the Worcester Cold Storage building?
Which type of interior finish was a major factor in the Station nightclub fire in West Warwick, Rhode Island, that took the lives of 100 persons?
What popular decoration was removed from several San Antonio, Texas, hotels and businesses, earning the local fire marshal the title of the Grinch ?
real-cut Christmas trees
Which of the following materials has been called solidified gasoline ?
Which holiday decorations would be considered the most flammable or dangerous to occupants in a building?
In recent years the fire load and heat release rates of homes and offices have increased. Which of the following has been the cause of this increase?
Nature of furniture and contents has changed (more plastics)
Which state now requires interior designers to pass two exams on interior design and building codes and fire safety?
Which of the following is a classic film that was produced to show how fast fire can grow and reach flashover?
All of the following are methods used to control the spread of fire
Eliminating high flame spread surfaces, separating material from the source of combustion, cutting off the extension of the fire, and coating the materials
Which of the following fire gases is the most prevalent of the toxic gases?
CO (carbon monoxide)
Haber's rule states that any exposure is likely to be dangerous if the concentration (parts per million) multiplied by minutes exposed equals
What type of effect does carbon monoxide gas have on a person who is exposed to it?
According to the NFPA Fire Protection Handbook, for how long can a person be exposed to 3,500 parts per million of carbon monoxide before it becomes hazardous and possibly incapacitating?
Which of the following might be considered the most expensive by-product incurred during a fire?
Polychlorinated biphenyl is used as a coolant in which of the following pieces of equipment?
Which of the following fire stages could be effectively extinguished with a fire extinguisher?
A phenomenon known as flameover is also known by what other term?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Building Construction Ch. 9
Building construction Ch. 1 & 2
Building Construction Ch. 4 and 6
Building Construction Ch. 8
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