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Terms in this set (27)
Natural, solid mixture of minerals or particles
Naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a definite chemical composition and an orderly arrangement of atoms.
Fragment that makes up a rock
Grain size and the way grains fit together in a rock.
Molten or liquid rock below Earths surface
Molten rock that that erupts on Earths surface
Rock Material that is broken down into smaller pieces or dissolved in water as rocks erode.
Sediment or rock added to a landform
Series of processes that change one type of rock into another type of rock.
One of the three main rock types that is formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava
The process in which atoms form a solid with an orderly, repeating pattern
Igneous Rock that forms when volcanic material erupts, cools, and crystallizes on Earth's surface
Igneous rock that forms as magma cools underground
One of the three main types of rocks, formed by the deposition of sediments that accumulate over time
The process in which sediments are carried to the bottom of a body of water and form layers
A broken piece of mineral or a rock fragment
A rock that is made up of broken pieces of minerals and rock fragments
The process in which the weight from layers of sediment forces out fluids and decreases the piece between sediment grains.
The process in which minerals dissolved in water crystallize between sediment grains
A rock formed when minerals crystallize directly from water
A sedimentary rock that was formed by organisms or contain the remains of organisims
Any process that affects the structure or composition of a rock in a solid state as a result of changes in temperature, pressure, or the addition of chemical fluids
A permanent change in shape by bending and folding
A rock that contains parallel layers of of flat and elongated minerals
A metamorphic rock that has mineral grains with a random interlocking texture
A process in which magma comes in contact with existing rock, and its thermal energy and gases interact with the surrounding rock to make new metamorphic rock
The formation of metamorphic rock bodies that are hundreds of square kilometers in size.
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