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53 terms

Medical Terminology Uninary System Quiz

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homeostasis
process through which the body maintains a constant internal enviroment
urea
major waste product of protein metabolism
kidneys
constantly filter the blood to remove waste products and excess water; located retroperitoneally with one on each side of the vertebral column below the diaphram
renal cortex
outer region of the kidney
cortex
outer portion of an organ
medulla
inner region of kidney; contains most of the urine-collecting tubules
nephron
functional unit of the kidney
glomerulus
a cluster of capillaries surrounded by a cup-shaped membrane called the Bowman's capsule
renal pelvis
funnel-shaped area within each kidney that is surrounded by renal cortex and medulla
ureters
two narrow tubes which transport urine from kidney to bladder
urinary bladder
hollow muscular organ that is a reservoir for urine before it is excreted from the body
urethral meatus
external opening of the urethra
urination
normal process of excreting urine
nephrologist
physician specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of kidneys
urologist
physcian specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of urinary system (female) and genitournary system (male)
uremia
toxic condition resulting from renal failure in which kidney function is compromised and urea is retained in the blood
nephrotic syndrome
condition in which very high levels of protein are lost in the urine and abnormally low levels of protein are present in the blood
anuria
absence of urine formation by kidneys
hypoproteinemia
presence of abnormally low concentrations of proein in the blood
hydronephrosis
dilation (swelling) of one or both kidneys
nephrectasis
distension of the pelvis of the kidney
nephritis
inflammation of the kidney or kidneys
nephropyosis
suppuration of the kidney
nephrolithiasis
presence of stones in the kidney
cystolith
stone located within the urinary bladder
ureterectasis
distention of the ureter
pyelitis
inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyelonephritis
inflammation of both the renal pelvis and kidney
cystalgia
pain in urinary bladder
interstitial cystitis
chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder
paraspadias
congenital abnormality in males, urethral opening is on the side of the penis
diuresis
increased output of urine
dysuria
difficult or painful urination
nocturnal enuresis
urinary incontinence during sleep
nocturia
excessive urination during the night
oliguria
scanty urination
polyuria
excessive urination
incontinence
inability to control excretion of urine and feces
urinalysis
examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements
KUB
radiographic study of the kidney, ureter, and bladder without the use of contrast medium
diuretics
medication adminstered to increase urine secretion in order to rid the body of excess water and salt
hemodialysis
process by which waste products are filtered directly from patient's blood
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
provides ongoing dialysis as patient goes about his or her daily activities
nephropexy
surgical fixation of a floating kidney
pyelotomy
surgical incision into renal pelvis
extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy
destruction of stones with the use of high-energy ultrasonic waves traveling through water or gel
nephrolithotomy
surgical removal of nephrolith (kidney stone) through an incision in the kidney
ureteroplasty
surgical repair of the ureter
cystopexy
surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall
cystorrhaphy
surgical suturing of the bladder
catheterization
performed to withdraw urine for diagnostic purposes, to control incontinence, or to place fluid, such as a chemotherapy solution, into bladder
urethral catherterization
performed by inserting a tube along the urethra and into the bladder
meatotomy
surgical incision made in the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening