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48 terms

8th grade lrhs poetry lit terms

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poetry
a type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)
simile
a comparison of two things using "like, as, than" or "resembles"
metaphor
a direct comparison of two unlike things
extended metaphor
a metaphor that goes several lines or possibly the entire length of the work
implied metaphor
the comparison is hinted at but not clearly stated
symbolism
when a person, place, thing, or event has meaning in itself also represents, or stands for, something else
universal symbol
a symbol that is recognized at different times in history and across cultures as having a main meaning
diction
how all the words in a poem sound once they are placed against one another
denotation
the exact, literal definition of a word, the dictionary definition of the word without any emotional associations.
connotation
the suggested, implied emotional associations of a word
imagery
language that appeals to the senses. Most are visual, but they can also appeal to the senses of sound, touch, taste or smell.
point of view in poetry
Poet: is the author of the poem; Speaker: is the "narrator" of the poem
mood or tone
the speaker's attitude toward the subject revealed by the words he or she chooses.
hyperbole
exaggeration often used for emphasis
litotes
understatement- basically the opposite of hyperbole. Often it is ironic
Idiom
An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression. It means something other than what it actually says.
personification
An animal given human-like qualities or an object given life-like qualities
allusion
Is a reference to something famous
types of allusions
literary- when one work of literature refers to another work of literature; historical- when a work of literature refers to an historical event; biblical- when a work of literature refers to an event or character from the BIble
Apostrophe
An absent person or inanimate object is directly spoken to as though it or he was present
synecdoche
a part stands for the whole or vice versa
onomatopoeia
words that imitate the sounds they are naming
anaphora
the same words or phrases are repeated throughout the poem
alliteration
consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words
consonance
the repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words
assonance
when the vowel sounds inside words are repeated
Cacophony
occurs when a group of words have harsh, grating sound
euphony
occurs when a group of words has a soft, pleasing sound
rhythm
the beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem
Inverted word order
the words of a poem are not in the usual grammatical construction
meter
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Occurs when syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating pattern
Scansion
the process of marking the metrical pattern of a poem
foot
unit of meter. Can have two or three syllables. Consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables.
free verse poetry
does not have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables. Does not have rhyme. Very conversational-sounds like someone is talking with you. A more modern type of poetry.
blank verse poetry
written in lines of iambic pentameter, but does not use end rhyme
rhyme
words sound alike because the share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.
exact rhyme
uses words with identical end sounds
end rhyme
a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line
internal rhyme
a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line
near rhyme
a.k.a. imperfect rhyme, close rhyme. The words share either the same vowel or consonant sound but not both
visual rhyme
occurs when words look like, rather than sound like they rhyme
rhyme scheme
is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always)
refrain
a sound, word, phrase, or line repeated regularly in a poem
enjambed line
a line of poetry runs over into the next line in a poem without punctuation
lyric
a short poem. Usually written in first person point of view. Expresses an emotion or an idea or describes a scene. Do not tell a story are often musical
haiku
a japanese poem written in three lines. five syllables, seven syllables, five syllables.
cinquain
a five line poem containing 22 syllables
ballad
a type of narrative poetry content is usually about: love, adventure and relationships