23 terms

Tycho Brahe

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Tycho Brache
Europe's best astronomer and built the best obsevatory in Europe. His data later proved Copernicus' theory
Johannes Kepler
Was the first great Protestant scientist. Developed three laws of planetary motion
empiricism
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, therefore, rely on observation and experimentation
inductive method
Begin with inductive observation, then form a hypothesis, conduct experiments and then organize the data
deductive reasoning
start with clear and incontrovertible facts. divided each problem into as many parts as necessary, using a step by step logical sequence
cogito ergo sum
I think, therefore I am
Cartesian dualism
divided all existence into the spiritual and the material
Isaac Newton
English mathematician and scientist who invented differential calculus and formulated the theory of universal gravitation, a theory about the nature of light, and three laws of motion.
William Harvey
Wrote On the Movement of Heart and Blood. Explained how blood was pumped through the body
Royal Society
founded in 1660. Was most successful and prestigious
Deism
Belief that there was a God, but that he didnt do anything with his creations
philosophes
Commited to the fundemental reform of society. Helped spread the ideas of the Enlightenment.
Ecracsez l'infame
Crush the infamous thing: Voltaire
general will
The will of the majority (the majority should always work for the common good)
noble savage
The idea that primitive human beings are naturally good and that whatever evil they develop is the product of the corrupting action of civilization.
physiocrats
This was the group of economists who believed that the wealth of a nation was derived solely from the value of its land
salon movement
Women played major role-many of brightest minds of Enlightenment assembled to discuss major issues-took part in discussions
Enlightened Despotism
System of government in which absolute monarchs ruled according to the principles of the Enlightenment
Treaty of Paris
This treaty ended the Seven Years War
First servant of the state
Said by Frederick the Great, and was him stating he was there to help better his country
liberum veto
Voting in Polish parliament had to be unanimous for changes to be made; thus, little could be done to systematically strengthen the kingdom.
Pragmmatic Sanction of 1713
Got Maria Theresa to become the leader of Austria
Individual will
The will of a single person and that persons rights
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