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_____ are short term regulators of appetite. Whereas ____ is a long-term regulator.
Peptide YY (PYY) and Cholecystokinin (CCK); Insulin
___ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas ___ yield about 9 kcal/g.
Proteins and Carbohydrates; fats
Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except.
which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen balance?
Patients with muscle atrophy
______happens in the cytoplasm, whereas______happens in the mitochondrion.
Glycolysis; the citric acid (krebs) cycle
glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to______ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces_____
THe inner membrane of a mitochondrion contains the protein_____, which harnesses the energy created by H+ flow to produce ATP by a process called_____.
ATP synthesis; the chemiosmotic mechanism
people on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickley at first, but then more slowly. this is for all the following reasons except.
the initial weight loss is mostely fat.
Glycogenesis is stimulated by_____, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by_____.
insulin; glucagon and epinephrine
only approximately_____% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body.
does not oxidize its proteins unless it has consumed its fat reserves first
a nude body at a room temp. of 21 degrees celsius (70 degrees F) loses most of its heat by
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