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157 terms

HIST 2620 Learning Modules 7-14

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Committee on Unemployment
The agency Hoover created to advise private charity groups on how to help the unemployed was called ____________
Poetry
Langston Hughes was a famous for his
Reconstruction Finance Corps
Hoover attempted to solve America's Depression by creating the
Gibson Girls
The personfication of the feminine ideal between 1890 and 1910 were referred to as
Hoovervilles
Collections of shacks where the homeless of America's cities lived
Scopes Trial
Trial that concerned a state law that prohibited the teaching of evolution in public schools
Women
The 19th Amendment allowed _______ to vote.
Immigration Quota System
Congressional legislation passed in 1920 and 1924 limiting immigration to U.S. was called the
"Black Thursday"
The Stockmarket crash of 1929 was nicknamed
Radios
In the 1920s, home entertainment was bolstered by the spectacular growth of:
Ford Motor Co.
The Model A was first introduced in 1927 by what company?
The Spirit of St. Louis
Charles Linbergh's plane was called
The Bonus Army
The 1932 March on Washington by World War I veterans demanding their payment early were called the
robbery and murder
The two Italian immigrants Sacco and Vanzetti that endorsed anarchism were arrested and convicted of
Automobiles
What was the one invention into mainstream American society that changed society more than any other?
Al Capone
Who was the crime boss who dominated Chicago during Prohibition?
Committee on Unemployment
The agency Hoover created to advise private charity groups on how to help the unemployed was called
Clarence Darrow
The defense attorney obtained for John Scopes was
The Bonus March in 1932
A public relations disaster for President Hoover
Monkey Trial
What was the nickname for the Scopes Trial?
Harlem Renaissance
An outpouring of African American culture and entrepreneurship during the 1920s was called
Flappers
The term used for modern women that value pragmatism and personal freedom was
Hospitals
The Reconstruction Finance Corps spent $500 million on all of the following Except
teaching evolution
What was the central crime that Scopes was charged with
the drinking of it
Prohibition DIDN'T make this illegal about alcohol...
Huey Long
The Share the Wealth Plan that proposed a minimum and maximum income for all Americans was the brainchild of
stabilizing farm produce prices
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) was aimed at
social security
The most impactful piece of legislation in the Second New Deal was
the social conscience of the New Deal
Eleanor Roosevelt's chief role in the Roosevelt presidency can be summarized in the phrase
more isolationists in sentiment
Great Depression and the economic struggles it caused in early 1930s made Americans
Philippines
During 1931-1932, Japan invaded and conquered what territory in East Asia?
American Federation of Labor
Section 7a of the NRA codes was especially well received by the
excessive government regulation
Historians have cited all of the following as causes of the Great Depression EXCEPT
The Public Works Administration
Agency created by New Deal that built public buildings, roads, hospitals and airports
Tenneessee Valley Authority
New Deal program that created new dams to bring electricity and modernization to the South
"We do our part"
The NRA's symbol was the blue eagle and whose motto was
Francis E. Townsend
California doctor who 1st proposed a system of pensions for older Americans was
insurance for industrial workers
The Fair Labor Standard Act didn't allow for
isolationism
After World War I, American opinion generally supported:
fireside chats
Franklin Roosevelt's reputation as a great communicator was most publicly obvious in his
Every Man a King
Huey Long's offical theme song was entitled
National Youth Administration
New Deal agency made to provide jobs for young adults to keep them in school was called
Fair Labor Standard Act
In 1938, the last major New Deal legislation was passed and it was called
Section 7a
The sections of the National Recovery Act that required participants to adopt maximum hours and wages and allow union organization was
The American Liberty League
The group that attacked the New Deal as socialistic and accussed Roosevelt of being a dictator was
Good Neighbor Policy
The U. S. foreign policy that stated that it would no longer intervenve in the affairs of other countries in the western hemisphere was called the
the group of intellectuals, lawyers, and journalists who advised Roosevelt
The New Deal jargon, the "Brain Trust" refers to
to reduce crime
What was the main argument made to repeal Prohibition?
limited the size of America's standing army
The Kellogg-Briand Pact
excessive government regulation
Was NOT cited as a cause of the Great Depression
Wagner Act
This act provided a more favorable environment for unions and outlawed company unions
Work Projects Administration
The New Deal system that employed thousands of workers on projects in history, art and theater was called
Philippines
During 1931-1932, Japan invaded and conquered what territory in East Asia?
Harold Ickes
President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal programs weren't criticized by:
Francis Perkins
The first woman to serve as a member of the U. S. cabinet was
government takeover of major industries
Father Coughlin, a liberal critic of FDR, supported an extreme measure of
Lyndon B. Johnson
The Texas National Youth Administration president was
Dust Bowl
Harsh farming practices coupled with several drought caused the conditions known as the
Schechter Poultry Corps v. U.S.
The court case that declared that the NIRA and the NRA was unconsitutional was
National Recovery Administration
The agency that desired to create a govertnment business partnership to fight overproduction was called
the sale of alcohol would produce tax revenue
President Roosevelt's policy to end prohibition was based on the hope that
Labor
Francis Perkins served as the secretary of
Agricultural Adjustment Act
The New Deal program that paid farmers to not plant their fields in order to create scarcity was called
Huey Long
Who was the Louisiana political and liberal critic of Roosevelt's Administration
Kingfish
Huey Long's nickname was the
Mussolini
The Italian facist leader that was in power in Italy during WWII was
Munich Pact
Hitler's invasion of Czechoslavakia in 1939 violated the
The Soviet Union
The country that suffered the most deaths in the fighting of World War II was
Poland
Germany's invasion of what country triggered the beginning of World War II in Europe?
Douglas MacArthur
The American general who would command forces in the Southwest Pacific during World War II was
housed over 100,000 Japanese Americans during the war
"War-relocation camps"in the United States:
Allies
The U.S. Lend-Lease program signaled America's committment in support of the
be willing to enter the war against Japan after the defeat of Germany
At the Tehran Conference, Stalin agreed the Soviet Union would
Manchuria
During 1931-1932, Japan invaded and conquered what territory in East Asia?
They allowed the Americans to avoid an amphibious invasion of Japan
The use of the atomic bomb against Japan had what significance?
Wilson
The Yalta Conference which planned the final stage of the war with Germany was attended by all of the following Except
Munich Pact
Hitler's invasion of Czechoslavakia in 1939 violated the
Navajo
The U.S. Marine Corps recruited members of the ___________ tribe to deliever tactical coded infomation during key battles
J. Robert Oppenhimer
The atomic power project was led by
G.I. Bill
The piece of legislation that offered low-interest loans and money for returning veterans to go to college was called
D-day
The June 6, 1944 invasion of Western Europe is referred to as
Allied invasion of Normandy
D-Day refers to the:
island-hopping
Admiral Nimitz used a strategy of ___________ to move increasingly closer to Japan
WXA's
Women during World War II also served the U.S. in all of the following Except
The United States and the Soviet Union
Following the conclusion of World War II the two most powerful nations in the world were:
Potsdam Conference
The conference where the Allies agreed to divide Germany among themselves was called
Holocaust
The Nazis program of genocide that killed millions was called the
Tukegee Airmen
The group of African American pilots in the Army Air Corps that escorted bombers to their drop-off locations were caled the
Dwight D. Eisenhower
The American general who commanded the American force at the invasion of Normandy was
A. Phillip Randolph
The NAACP leader who began a campaign of protest against wartime discrimination against blacks was
Harry Truman
In 1945 FDR died in office and was succeeded by his Vice president, who was
Enigma
Germany developed a machine that would encode messages, it was called the
freedom of speech, freedom from want, freedom from fear
Roosevelt declared that World War II was being fought for "four freedom" included all of the following
Pearl Harbor
On December 7, 1941 the Japanese bombed ____________ to start the war in the Pacific
Stimson Doctrine
The doctrine that stated that the U.S. would refuse to recongize the Japanese installed government in Manchuria was called
freedom from trial
Roosevelt declared that Word War II was being fought for "four freedoms" this did NOT include
The Enola Gay
The plane that dropped the first atomic bomb in Japan was named
Rosie the Riveters
World War II created opportunities for women in industrial labor and they were collectively referred to as
The United Nations
The international organization created at the end of World War II to prevent small conflicts from escalating into major wars was called
Hiroshima
On August 6, 1945 the U.S. dropped the atomic bomb on the Japanese city of
The Manhattan Project
The secret project that developed the atomic bomb was called
Nixon
The U.S. President that improved relations between the U.S. and China was
divide the rest of Germany into occupation zones
Truman's response to the Soviet blockade of West Berlin in 1948 was to:
Greece and Turkey
In its first application of the Truman Doctrine, Congress approved economic aid to:
said the United States should contain Soviet expansionist tendencies
State Department official George Kennan:
Dixiecrats
During the 1948 presidential campaign, which party nominated Strom Thurmond:
Glasnost
A policy of new political openness and personal liberty to the Soviet Union was called
Nixon
Which U.S. President created a period of detente between the U.S., China, and Soviet Union?
the United Nations authorized military intervention against the aggressors
When North Korea Communists invaded South Korea:
Perestroika
A series of reforms instituted by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to restructure the nation's economy was called
Truman Doctrine
The foreign policy doctrine that attempted to contain communism to nations were it aready exisited was called
Berlin
The airlift undertaken by the U.S. and Great Britian was to aid what city blockaded by the Soviet Union?
George Kennan
The idea and policy of containment was primarily the idea of
exploiting public fears
Senator McCarthy was very effective in
Joseph McCarthy
The senator from Wisconsin who used American's concerns over communism to bolster his bid for reelection was
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
The American couple that were convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage and received the death sentence were
Soviet Union
By 1962, Castro in Cuba had been supplied with missile technology from what country?
inevitable
In retrospect, the Cold War was probably:
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
To ease European concerns and create military aliance President Truman oversaw the creation of the
Fallout Shelters
What were popular and designed to protect individuals from the effects associated with nuclear destruction
Carter
Which U.S. President is best noted for helping broker an agreeement between Isreal and Egypt?
the Marshall Plan
The attempt to prevent Western Europe from falling to communism by stablizing the economic of Western Euopean nations was called
Kennedy
The U.S. President who accepted responsibility for the attempt to invade Cuba was
House on Un-American Activites Committee
The committee organized in 1938 fueled American concerns over Communism at home through their public hearings
Zbigniew Brzezinski
President Carter's National Security advisor who helped end Nixon's poicy of detente with the Soviet Union was
SALT I
This treaty set limits on the production and deployment of ballistic missiles and antibalistic missiles
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
To ease European concerns and create military aliance President Truman oversaw the creation of the
Eisenhower Doctrine
The policy that expanded the policy of containment to the Middle East was called the
Kennedy
The U.S. President that asserted that the U.S. must have a policy of "flexible response" to global issues was
Eisenhower
Which president extended the Cold War onto the global stage which was in part motivated by the U.S. need for oil
U.S.S. Maddox
The American naval destroyer involved in the Gulf of Tonkin incident was named
Robert McNamara
President Johnson's Secretary of Defense that encouraged him to escalate the Vietnam War was
My Lai
In 1968 American soldiers massacred over three hundred South Vietnamese at
persecution of Buddhists monks
Which of Diem policies aliened many South Vietanmese citizens?
cut off the flow of supplies and reinforcements to North Vietnam
The main purpose of the U.S. air campaign in Vietnam was to
Vietcong
The South Vietnamese communist guerilla fighters who cooperated with the North Vietnamese were called
Johnson
Who was elected president in 1964?
Henry Kissinger
Who was President Nixon's National Security Advisor, who in 1972 claimed that "peace is at hand"
Communist North Vietnam
The U.S. did not sign the Geneva Accords out of disapproval of certain provisions - specifically the recognition of a
Ngo Dinh Diem
The U.S. backed prime minister of South Vietnam was
Operation Rolling Thunder
The U.S. air campaign launched in Vietnam in 1965 was called
France
The U.S. was drawn into aiding Vietnam because of the power vaccum left by what country?
the Tet offensive
The North Vietnamese and Vietcong effort to conduct a massive series of raids on towns, cities, and bases through South Vietnam is referred to as
Cambodia
Nixon decided to escalate the Vietnam War by approving bombing raids in
Kent State
In 1970, shootings occurred in response to an anti-war protest at what university?
Vietnamization
The Nixon policy involving transferring the burden of battle to the South Vietanmese and away from outsiders was referred to as
Congressional approval
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave the U.S. president absolute authority to wage war without
General William Westmoreland
The Commander of the U.S. Forces in Vietnam was
Texas
Lyndon B. Johnson was from:
Gulf of Tonkin Incident
The 1964 event in which three North Vietnamese gunboats fired on American naval destroyers is referred to as
increased the number of American "advisors" there
Concerning Vietnam, President Kennedy:
Hanoi
The cancellation of the Paris Peace talks precipated Nixon to order the bombing of
the end of the Vietnam War
The fall of Saigon and the North Vietnamese overunning the U.S. Embassy signaled
17th parallel
At the Geneva Conference the participating nations determined that Vietnam would be partioned at the
Ho Chi Minh Trail
The route of logistical system of mazes and paths that ran from North Vietnam to South Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos was called
nominated Spiro Agnew as its vice-presidential candidate
The 1968 Republican Presidential Convention:
Ho Chih Minh
The Organizator of the Vietminh and leader of North Vietnam was