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Various files on Judaism
Terms in this set (16)
What does the term "psalm" mean?
A psalm is prayer that is sung or chanted to God; the Book of Psalms in the Hebrew Bible is collection of psalms.
Who wrote many of the psalms?
Some psalms are termed "lamentations." What is their theme? What do they ask for? How do they typically end?
The psalmist is in pain or despair. He asks for God's comfort & aid in their helplessness. They typically end with a faith in God's imminent help.
Some psalms are not lamentations, but songs of praise. What psalm famously begins, "The Lord is my Shepherd, I shall not want"?
Psalm 23. It's theme is that God will provide in times of need to those who keep faith in God.
What episode in David's life caused him to compose psalms, asking for God's mercy?
David committed grave sins, giving himself to adultery with Bathsheba, and causing the death of the Bathsheba's husband
What does it mean to walk in faith in the "light" and the "dark" according to Judaism, and what figure in Hebrew history exemplifies this?
Abraham, the first Hebrew, walked in faith both in the "light" & "dark"
light: Abraham had a lively faith when God felt close by to him.
dark: when Abraham, confused by God's command for the sacrifice of Isaac, continues to trust God through his tears.
Regarding the sacrifice of Isaac: What is the mystical interpretation of this episode?
Mysticism involves experience with God, no ego
Abraham loved Isaac more than Abraham loved his very self, so Abraham's accepting the sacrifice of Isaac is an episode of sacrifice is a symbol of mystical union with God.
What mystic meaning do some writers see in the Hebrew prophet Elijah's experience of God on the mountain?
That God's presence can be found when a woman or man trusts God and relaxes into the stillness of soul that trust invites. The stillness invites God's healing.
The Book of Proverbs is said to provide wisdom in harmony with God's Wisdom--with Cosmic Intelligence. What is the beginning of wisdom, according to Proverbs?
The fear of the Lord
How do rabbis interpret the statement, "Fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom"?
God is Goodness Itself, all good things in life 'participate' in God's Goodness. In this light, to "fear God" is to fear separation from God, because that is
separation from Goodness Itself.
The Book of Proverbs helps its students to pursue their good life by effective and moral means. One great lesson of the Psalms is that self-deception is a great danger and a trap lurking at every turn. This coincides with a view from the Book of Jeremiah. What is the exact saying?
"The heart is deceitful above all things..." Jeremiah 17:9.
What does the "heart" represent in the saying?
What does the proverb in Jeremiah mean?
The proverb means that our own heart can deceive us when we ask it
What action does the proverb implicitly affirm to be needed, if we are to live well?
What form of Judaism accents joy in worship of God, and relishes experiential intimacy with God?
Who is regarded as the founder of Hasidic Judaism? How is he briefly described
The Baal Shem Tov, a rabbi and Jewish mystic.
Baal Shem Tov's wisdom teachings and love for God are legendary. Miracles came from him.
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