40 terms

The Constitution


Terms in this set (...)

Establishes each branch of government and tell what powers they have.
Divides each article and has powers of each branch
Explains the powers of each branch in more detail
The Branches of Government
Judicial, Executive, Legislative
Checks and Balances
This system allows the branches of the government to "check" one another when making a law. This prevents one branch from taking over the entire government.
Separation of powers
Legislative Branch
Main Job: To make and pass laws.
another name for the Legislative branch
One branch of the legislature
House of Representatives
One branch of the legislature
Needs for senators and representatives (Citizenship, age, etc.)
Proportional Representation
Representation based on population
The President, Vice-President, and all civil officers of the United States who may be impeached and removed only for treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors
a constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body
a government authority or license conferring a right or title for a set period, especially the sole right to exclude others from making, using, or selling an invention
District of Columbia
Where the majority of the national government is held
Expressed Powers
Powers explicitly said in the constitution
Elastic/Necessary and Proper Clause
Lets the government establish any laws that they think are necessary and proper. Very vague and broad, can be interpreted by the government in different ways.
Implied Powers
Powers that are not explicitly said but still in effect.
Reserved Powers
powers reserved to the states
The Executive Branch
The presidency
Electoral College/Process
a body of people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president. Each state has their own amount of electoral votes based on population. If the state goes democratic, the democratic electors vote. Then, that amount of electoral votes goes to the candidates 270 votes. Same with republicans.
The elected head of a nation. Also head of the executive branch.
People who formally cast votes for the election of the president.
Commander in Chief/Vice President
Second-in-command to the president
Concurrent Powers
shared powers between states and government
Duties and Obligations of the Executive Branch
The main job of the executive branch is to carry out and enforce laws passed by the legislative branch.
State of the Union Address
The speech that the president gives every year
The Judicial Branch
Settles disputes involving federal laws and completes the system of separation of powers.
Supreme Court
the highest federal court in the US, consisting of nine justices and taking judicial precedence over all other courts in the nation.
the official power to make legal decisions and judgments.
Original Jurisdiction
Where a case goes directly to the supreme court and does not get tried at a lower court first.
Appellate Jurisdiction
Where a case first is tried in a lower court and then is sent to be decided by the supreme court.
Trial by Jury
a legal proceeding in which a jury either makes a decision or makes findings of fact, which then direct the actions of a judge.
Judicial Review
a power given to the judicial branch over the legislative and executive branch. The Supreme Court can say that either of these branches is being unconstitutional.
When the president appoints someone to a job and the senate has to decide whether they get the job or not.
a body of advisers to the president, composed of the heads of the executive departments of the government.
split powers between independent states and a central government. Power comes from mutual agreement, but states maintain their sovereignty.
Shared power is part of the uniting agreement. Overarching central government.
Supremacy Clause
states that the constitution is the law of the land