30 terms

Catholic Ethics


Terms in this set (...)

theological virtues ... 3 are
Faith, hope, and charity
we believe in God and everything about him and the church upholds all this
we desire the kingdom of heaven and eternal life as our true happiness. We trust Christ is the way to this. We rely on the holy spirit to get us there not our own earthly strengths
we love God, we love our neighbor as ourselves
theological viirtues are gifts from God ...
infused into people and people must accept them. You can't acquire from effort or practice
human freedom
is power rooted in reason and will, to choose between good and evil
free will (IMPORTANT)
God's gift to human beings of the freedom and ability to choose good or evil
theological virtues are about us as divine
within nature and prepare us for eternal life with God.
christians attribute freedoms to humans
because we are made in His image and God is free.
three reasons why it is important to study sin
sin happens, Jesus life as redeemer is only important if we need redemption from sin, we can change or allow God to change us
three kinds of sin
original, personal, social
original sin
is not one act but a condition a person finds himself in, to be drawn to do what is wrong even though you want to do what is right a force compels
social sin
go beyond one person or one act. the repetition of personal sins in society, evil institutions, bad practices that become part of the society
personal sin
falling short of your obligation or failing to fulfill what genuine love requires
personal sin is classified in several ways
according to the virtues or goods they oppose, according to the commandments they violate, according to whom they concern, according to whether they concern God, neighbor or oneself, according to whether they are sins of thought, word,, deed or omission, according to their gravity (how bad a degree)
mortal sins
most serious, sins unto death, they put the soul into position to be excluded from Christ's Kingdom, you must receive sacrament of reconciliation to prepare to receive God's forgiveness.
three ways to be considered mortal sin
must involve serious matter, must be carried out in full knowledge that the actions is serious, must be carried out with the full consent of the person.
venial sin
not quite a mortal sin, doesn't meet all the three qualities of a mortal sin.
Formation of conscience involves
what you ought to do and what kind of character do I wish to be
character is shaped by outside influences like
heroes, images, books, conversations,
When deciding what to do think of these questions
what, who, when, where, why, how, what if and what else?
OIC .. three parts of human action
object , intention , circumstance
Three ways conscience helps us
by urging us to move toward good and true, by motivating us to gather information we need to solve complex moral issues, by enabling us to reach personal decisions that feel like what God would want us to do (WWJD?)
superego is not always the good moral guidance
depending on the influences in your life, your family exposure, your perception of society
internal voice within us that originates from the teachings and directives of the authorities in our lives, parents, society's laws... all ingrained in us over time
The accumulated wisdom of the Christian community includes
reasoning, teachings of the Bible, catholic tradition
conscience is the internal voice
that tells a person which actions are morally right and wrong.
an action that is morally good meets the three criteria of IOC
has a good object, have the right intention, will have the proper cirumstance
secondary elements that affect either the person who is performing the action or the content of the actions itself. This can effect the level of responsibility of a person or the level of moral goodness or evil of an action
why you have chosen to do the action