Upgrade to remove ads
English Terms Final
Terms in this set (37)
A futuristic, imagined universe in which oppressive (cruel, harsh, unfair) societal control and the illusion of a perfect society are maintained through corporate, bureaucratic, technological, or moral/religious control.
A place, state, or condition that is ideally perfect in respect of politics, laws, customs, and conditions.
A system of government that controlled by a small percent of the population (dictatorship), and this government does not tolerate parties of differing opinion. This government exercises control over the freedom, will, and thought of others.
Information which is false or which emphasizes just one part of a situation, used by a government or political group to make people agree with them.
The psychological process of breaking down a person, making them seem less than human and not worthy of humane treatment
When someone treats a group of people unfairly or cruelly and prevents them from having the same rights as other people have. (Dehumanization)
Technology -VS- Humanity
When smart technology developed to help humans (by humans) turns on society to become a threatening force.
A disaster to the natural environment due to human activity, which is different from the concept of a natural disaster.
One or more large corporations control society through products, advertising, and/or the media
Society is controlled by a mindless bureaucracy through a tangle of red tape, relentless regulations, and incompetent government officials.
Society is controlled by technology—through computers, robots, and/or scientific means
"The Emerging Hero" Characteristics
• The protagonist intuitively feels something is wrong with society and sets out to change it, believing that it is possible to overthrow the dictatorship, or merely escape from the misery.
• They often feel trapped and are struggling to escape.
• They question the existing social and political systems and believe or feel that something is terribly wrong with the society in which he or she lives.
• They help the audience recognize the negative aspects of the dystopian world through his or her perspective.
Traditions, rules, rituals, or behavior a society lives by.
Setting (Include all 3 aspects):
1. The physical world
The physical setting includes the author's description of the place, scenery, weather, location, season etc. A good author sets the scene of the physical world, so the reader is able to transport themselves into the world of the characters.
Setting (Include all 3 aspects):
2. The time of the action
The time in which the action takes place could include information on the time of day, time of year, or even a particular time in history.
Setting (Include all 3 aspects):
3. Societal environment
The social environment of the setting includes the manners, customs, and moral values of the characters' society. This could include local customs or societal norms (traditions, rules, rituals, behaviors) that differ from the modern day world of the reader, or from a country that is foreign to the reader.
The leading character, or one of the major characters in a drama, movie, novel, or other fictional text. The protagonist often plays the role of the hero or heroine.
The antagonist opposes, struggles or competes with the protagonist. The antagonist often plays the role of the story's villain
One who is not complex and only has one or two basic qualities. A static character undergoes little, or no inner change and does not develop as the story progresses
Occurs when the writer directly tells the reader what the personality of the character is using specific adjectives (description words)
Occurs when the writer indirectly reveals the personality, or internal traits of characters by showing the reader in a variety of unique ways (inferences need to be made)
indirectly reveal the true internal traits of a character. It is important to use the STEAL method whenever you are analyzing character.
3. Effect on others
Take place inside of the body/mind.
Takes place outside of the body/mind.
1. Person vs. Person
2. Person vs. Nature
3. Person vs. Society
Person -VS- Self: (Internal conflict)
The struggle is within the character - making a difficult decision, for example. A character struggling to overcome fear, addiction, emotional damage, or other personal issue.
Person -VS- Person (External conflict)
This is mostly seen in the form of two characters against each other (protagonist vs. antagonist), but it does not have to be a physical confrontation only; it can be a battle between ideas, too.
Person -VS- Nature (External conflict)
Environment is defined as anything surrounding a person (the setting). This can include weather, objects, social norms, activities, location, etc.
Person -VS- Society (External conflict)
The protagonist battles against rules, elements, and powers of government or culture.
Point of View
A story told from the perspective of either a character within the story, or from a narrator outside of the story. Point of view is the perspective used to tell a story.
First Person Point of View
First person point of view has the narrator as a character in the story. By using this perspective, the reader is able to know that character's thoughts, feelings, actions, and words. Sometimes this narrator can be unreliable because we are only seeing from their point of view
Second Person Point of View
When the narrator addresses the reader using words like "you, you're..."
Point of View: Third Person
Used when the narrator is not involved in the plot and is telling the story from an outside perspective.
Third Person (omniscient)
This narrator is able to know the thoughts and feelings of ALL of the characters and is able to express what they are thinking to the reader.
Third person (limited)
The third person limited narrator tells the story as an outside observer who only focuses on the thoughts and feelings of ONE character.
Third Person (objective)
A third person objective narrator is unable to enter any character's minds, but is still an outside observer who only shares what is SEEN and HEARD (no thoughts or feelings). This narration is sometimes called the 'fly on the wall' or 'camera lens' approach
The important message or lesson the author is trying to extend to the reader through the story
A character that changes throughout the plot as a result of engaging in a variety of different conflicts
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Vocabulary Set #1
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
History of Hebrew
Death of a Salesman Vocab Unit 1 (8 words)