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quiz's for Psy 360 test 3
Terms in this set (30)
Which of the following was not observed among Jane Elliot's third-grade students after they were sorted by eye color?
Greenberg et al 1990 found that thinking about mortality made _______ participants evaluate Jewish participant's ________ positively.
Fine and spencer found that prejudice __________ self-esteem after _____ feedback.
According to work by Claude Steele and colleagues on stereotype threat:
blacks preform worse on intelligence test if they are first reminded of their ethnic identification
A belief about the personal attributes of a group is __________
Karen believes that women don't really belong in the work force, and instead stay home and cook and clean. When presented with information that the CEO of Yahoo is a woman and obviously doesn't stay at home to do housework, Karen dismisses this by saying, "Yes, but she's a businesswoman." This is an example of:
Subtyping occurs when perceivers respond to members of a target group who disconfirm their stereotypes by seeing them as exceptions to the rule and placing them in a separate subcategory apart from members who confirm the stereotype.
The idea that favoring in-groups over out-groups enhances our self-esteem is called ____________
social identity theory
A negative prejudgment of a group is
The outgroup homogeneity effect is _________
a perception that outgroup members are more similar to one another then in-group members.
Stone et al 1999 found that black participants preformed _________ on a task presented as _________
better; related to physical ability
according to the lecture, a global threat is one way to increase _______ attitudes towards ___________
Resolution of a conflict by a neutral third party who studies both sides and imposes a settlement is
The contact hypothesis was first conceptualized by
The prisoner dilemma is a way to measure:
Which of the following is a superordinate goal?
superordinate goal:refer to goals that require the cooperation of two or more people or groups to achieve, which usually results in rewards to the groups.
a baseball team winning the game
a way to peacefully resolve conflicts is by:
Realistic conflict theory does NOT work very well to explain:
realistic conflict theory: assets that the initial negative feeling between groups are often based n a real conflict or competition regarding scarce resources
according to Pyszczynski et al., 2008, priming participants with religious values that promote caring and forgiveness such as "love your neighbor" can __________
reduce support for violence that is normally caused by mortality salience induction
The internet could be a good place to apply the contact hypothesis because of
equal status created by anonymity
According to terror management theory, one reason that prejudice and war exists is that
humans are struggling to suppress the notion of mortality
Which of the following was not mentioned as a way to measure aggression in the text?
number of insults said to confederate
Berkowitz added to our understanding of the determinants of aggression when he found "the weapons effect." Berkowitz found that the presence of weapons:
increased aggression in angered individuals
Physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone is
The blocking of goal-directed behavior is
Killings done by armies is an example of
According to Freud the redirection of aggression to a target other than the source of the frustration is called_______
The theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating is the ______
social learning theory
Kyle grew up in the South, where a "culture of honor" predominates. Based on research by Nisbett (1993), Kyle would be more likely than a Northerner to behave aggressively when
someone insults him
Which of the following is not conductive to aggression?
Which of the following is true of findings on the catharsis hypothesis?
Catharsis Theory: acting out aggression releases frustration and aggression, thereby decreasing aggressive behavior.
the calming effect of retaliation seems to only work in very specific situations
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