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what is medication used for?
1) used to produce a local or systemic physiological effect
2) used in the treatment, diagnosis, and prevention of disease
what are considerations for elderly?
metabolism is slower and normal doses may build to toxic levels; observe for signs of adverse actions and drug toxicity
a clear liquid containg water and/or alcohol; designed for oral use;usually has sweetener added
a medication dissolved in concentrated sugar solution; may contain flavoring to make medication taste better
intramuscular- injection of sterile medication into a mucle. it has a more rapid systemic effect than oral or subcutaneous
what is a standing order?
for multiple doses of a medication that may be administered either until it is canceled by the provider or until prescribed number of doses have been given
what is a PRN order?
for medication may be administered when the patient requires it, the provider sets limits for the interval between doses
a medication order must contain what?
drug name, amount of drug per dose, number of doses, route of administration, frequency or number of times per day the drug is to be taken, signature of ordering provider
what are the six rights of medication administration?
right medication, right dose, right route, right time, right patient, right documentation
what are the three medication checks?
medication is first located, after the medication is prepared, just before administering to patient at the bedside
nonsteriodal anti-inflammatories (nsaids) what is its action?
counteraction of body tissue inflammation
vaccines and toxoids what is its action?
artificially induced immunity to a specific disease or toxin
vaccines and toxoids what is examples of it?
toxoids- tetanus or diphtheria
vaccines- hepatities a or influenza
antipsychotic agents what is its action?
improves or moderates mental symptoms ranging from anxiety to psychosis
insulin what is its action?
decreases blood sugar by transport of glucose into the body tissures and cells
cathartics what is its action?
acts as a cleanser that produces watery evacuation of intestinal contents through increased peristalsis
what does route of medication administration depends on?
condition of the patient, nature of the drug, rate of absorption via one route
do not give medication by mouth if the patient is what?
lying down, has a poor gag reflex, is unconscious, or nauseous
when applying opthalmic medication what position do you have your patient lying in?
supine or sitting position with the head tilted back and to the side in which medication willl be administered
what are fequently used solutions for enema administration?
soap and water, normal saline, hypertonic solutions. fleets enema is the most common
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