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Cold War, Korean and Vietnam Wars

Cold War

The ideological struggle between communism (Soviet Union) and capitalism (United States) for world influence.

Satellite Nation

A country dominated politically and economically by another nation, especially by the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

Iron-Curtain Country

A nation in Eastern Europe influenced by the Soviet Communist government.


Social process of removing Nazis from official positions and giving up any allegiance to Nazism.


Restricting the spread of communism and limiting it to the areas already under Soviet control.

Marshall Plan

A massive American aid program announced in 1947 to help European nations recover from World War II.

Nuremberg Trials

A series of court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany, after World War II, in which Nazi leaders were tried for aggression, violations of the rules of war, and crimes against humanity.

United Nations

Organization founded after World War II to promote international peace and cooperation.

Truman Doctrine

President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology.


Organization formed in 1949 as a military alliance of western European and North American states against the Soviet Union and its east European allies.

Domino Theory

The idea that if a nation falls under communist control, nearby nations will also fall under communist control.

Ho Chi Minh

Communist leader of Vietnam, ruled North Vietnam from 1954-1969.


The guerrilla soldiers of the Communist faction in Vietnam.


Missing in action


Prisoner of war


Economic and political system in which the government controls the economy by owning its farms and businesses.

Doi Moi

Name of a Vietnamese policy, meaning "change for the new"; 1986- individuals gain more control of some industries.

Kim Jong Il

Son of Kim Il Sung, became the dictator of North Korea after his father's death.


Demilitarized zone, surrounding area around the 17th parallel.

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