Chapter 4 and 5: Forming a New Government/Leaders and Challenges of a New Nation
Terms in this set (35)
written plan that explained what the government could and could not do and what rights of citizens would be protected
Articles of Confederation-
adopted in 1781, set up a system of government that divided power between the national government and the state governments
agreement in which the legislature would have two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives
person who supported the new Constitution
person who did not support the new Constitution
Bill of Rights-
first ten constitutional amendments, which guarantee freedom of speech, press, religion, and other rights
system where power if divided between the national and state governements
checks and balances-
the system in which each branch of governement can limit the power or actions of the other
land that the United States bought from France in 1803
Lewis and Clark expedition-
-the exploration of the northern section of the Louisana territory
changes made to the constitution
any Western leader who wanted to go to war against Britain to stop British aid to Native Americans and to force British out of Canada
War of 1812-
a war between Britian and the US that ended indecisively
a farmer and veteran who led a rebellion to oppose taxes
a special representative chosen by the people to elect the president and the vice president
grant someone of foreign birth citizenship
the law making branch of government which was one body under the Articles of Confederation and two bodies the Senate and the House of Representatives under the Constitution
the right to vote
Three Branches of Government-
legislative (makes laws), executive (enforces laws), judicial (interprets laws)
to charge a public official with wrong doing
The First Amendment
guarantees freedom of religion, assembly, speech, and press.
The Second Amendment
guarantees the right of state militia members to bear arms.
The Third Amendment
guarantees that citizens cannot be forced to surrender their homes to soldiers.
The Fourth Amendment
guarantees from unreasonable searches and seizures.
The Fifth Amendment
guarantees right to due process of law, freedom from self-incrimination, double jeopardy.
The Sixth Amendment
guarantees right of accused persons; for example the right to a speedy and public trial.
The Seventh Amendment
guarantees the right of trial by jury in civil cases.
The Eighth Amendment
guarantees freedom from excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishments.
The Ninth Amendment
states that citizens have more rights than just those stated in the Constitution.
The Tenth Amendment
reserves all the powers not held by the federal government to the people or the states.
Secretary of the Treasury who with John Adams helped form the Federalist Party, killed in a duel
called for state and local governments to hold most of the political power.
Vice President under Thomas Jefferson, killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel
Shoshone interpreter on the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
Alien and Sedition Acts
Laws passed by the Federalist Party that controlled naturalization, deported any foreigner who was seen as dangerous, citizens of countries that were enemies of the United States could be deported and the government could punish people who conspired against or published lies about the government.