Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (49)
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of temperature and wakefulness) that occur on a 24-hour cycle.
rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur. Also known as paradoxical sleep, because the muscles are relaxed (except for minor twitches) but other body systems are active.
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state.
the large, slow brain waves associated with deep sleep.
false sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the absence of an external visual stimulus.
periodic, natural, reversible loss of consciousness—as distinct from unconsciousness resulting from a coma, general anesthesia, or hibernation.
recurring problems in falling or staying asleep.
a sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks. The sufferer may lapse directly into REM sleep, often at inopportune times.
a sleep disorder characterized by high arousal and an appearance of being terrified; unlike nightmares, ______________ occur during Stage 4 sleep, within two or three hours of falling asleep, and are seldom remembered.
a sleep disorder characterized by temporary cessations of breathing during sleep and repeated momentary awakenings.
a sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person's mind. ________ are notable for their hallucinatory imagery, discontinuities, and incongruities, and for the dreamer's delusional acceptance of the content and later difficulties remembering it.
according to Freud, the remembered story line of a dream (as distinct from its latent, or hidden, content).
according to Freud, the underlying meaning of a dream (as distinct from its ____________). Freud believed that a dream's ___________________ functions as a safety valve.
the tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation (created by repeated awakenings during REM sleep).
a social interaction in which one person (the hypnotist) suggests to another (the subject) that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occur.
a suggestion, made during a hypnosis session, to be carried out after the subject is no longer hypnotized; used by some clinicians to help control undesired symptoms and behaviors.
a split in consciousness, which allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others.
a chemical substance that alters perceptions and mood.
compulsive drug craving and use.
a physiological need for a drug, marked by unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when the drug is discontinued.
the diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and larger doses before experiencing the drug's effect.
the discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use of an addictive drug.
drugs (such as alcohol, barbiturates, and opiates) that reduce neural activity and slow body functions.
drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing speeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes.
drugs that depress the activity of the central nervous system, reducing anxiety but impairing memory and judgment.
opium and its derivatives, such as morphine and heroin; they depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.
drugs (such as caffeine, nicotine, and the more powerful amphetamines, cocaine, and Ecstasy) that excite neural activity and speed up body functions.
a synthetic stimulant and mild hallucinogen. Produces euphoria and social intimacy, but with short-term health risks and longer-term harm to serotonin-producing neurons and to mood and cognition.
psychedelic ("mind-manifesting") drugs, such as LSD, that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input.
a powerful hallucinogenic drug; also known as acid (lysergic acid diethylamide).
the major active ingredient in marijuana; triggers a variety of effects, including mild hallucinations.
an altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death (such as through cardiac arrest); often similar to drug-induced hallucinations.
the presumption that mind and body are two distinct entities that interact.
the presumption that mind and body are different aspects of the same thing.
periodic physiological fluctuations; controlled by internal "biological clocks"
short bursts of brain waves detected in stage 2 sleep
a psychological need to use a drug, such as to relieve negative emotions
a powerfully addictive drug that stimulates the central nervous system, with speeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes; over time, appears to reduce baseline dopamine levels
body processes controlled by your brain that we are not usually/never aware of
information about yourself or your environment that you're not currently thinking about but you could be
information that we're not consciously aware of, but we know must exist due to behavior
based on psychoanalytic theory, information that's unaccessable to our conscious mind; therefore, it's unavailiable
dissociation theory of split consciousness-hynotized part of brain and an independent observer which works independently (arm in ice water test)
Hormone released by the pineal gland in response to daily cycles of light and dark
a cluster of neurons in the hypothalamus that receives input from the retina regarding light and dark cycles and is involved in regulating the biological clock
located in the center of the brain, functioning to secrete melatonin and serotonin
brief muscular contractions that occur as people fall aseep
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Psychology: Chapter 7
AP Psychology- Chapter 7: States of Consciousness
AP Psychology Chapter 7 Vocab
Consciousness and the Two-Track Mind
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Drawing Anatomy: Pertaining to Flesh
Anatomy: Pertaining to Bone
Language of Anatomy Quiz
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
A+P LAB PRACTICAL #2
BA 396 Chapter 1 & 2
psychology seminar 3 - mental health; an…
Paleolithic Age or Neolithic Age