With a drawing, the quality of line and the nature of shading are very much affected by the ____ of the support
Rembrandt copied _____ but added some additional features to his own sketched version
Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper
Michelangelo's Studies for the Libyan Sybil is a good example of a drawing that was meant to be used ______
As a sketch to record an idea
The unforgiving medium of ____was widely used for drawing from the late Middle Ages to the early 1500's, when it was largely replaced by the lead pencil.
In silverpoint drawings, the drawing surface must be coated with a ground of______
bone dust or chalk mixed with gum, water, and pigment
The effects of ____when each is drawn against a paper surface are very similar
charcoal, chalk, and pastel
Claudio Bravo's Package is an excellently executed trompe l' oeil drawing that presents the illiusion of a package wrapped in _____
crumpled blue paper and string
Edgar Degas was one of the masters of pastel drawing in 19th century France. In ____ Degas depicted one of his favorite subjects
Woman at her Toilette
Jaune Quick-to-See Smith's The Enviroment: Be a Shepherd is reminiscent of a ____ due to its simple forms and sketchy manner
Many of the artist Chuck Close's unidealized portraits, such as Self Portrait/Conte Crayon, are based on a ____, which produces blurry photographic likenesses
grid transfer method
The oldest known type of ink is India or China ink, made from a solution of ____
carbon black and water
Pen and ink are used to create drawings, such as Jean Dubuffet's Garden, that are essentially_____
_____artists are masters of the brush-and ink medium. They have used it for centuries for all types of________
The medium of brush and wash is more versitile than brush and ink, as seen in Leonardo da Vinci's Study of Drapery. It is so realistic that it is almost_____
In its original meaning, a _____was a full-scale preliminary drawing executed on paper for projectssuch as frescoes, stained glasss, oil paintings, or tapestries
Honor`e Daumier's pen and ink drawing, The Three Lawyers, is a caricatured illustration of ____
pompous, superficial lawyers
In Giotto's 14th century painting Lamentation, joints can clearly be seen that break the blue sky into numerous sections. This occurred because of the ____
limitations of fresco
The ancient Egyptians and Greeks tinted their sculptures with ____ to give them a lifelike appearance.
While painting the Egypto-Roman Mummy Portrait of a Man, the artist found it necessary to keep the ____at a constant tempature.
The traditional composition of tempera, rarely used today, consisted of ____
egg, pigment, and water
In both tempera abd oil painting, the surface of the wood or canvas is covered with a ground of powdered chalk or plaster and animal glue known as ____
Fifteenth- century artist Gentile da Fabriano applied thinly hammered sheets of gold to his Adoration of the Magi tempera panel using a technique known as _____
The transition to oil paint in the 14th and 15th centuries was gradual. For many years, it was only used for ____in order to give the paintings a high sheen.
Pop artist Roy Lichtenstein's portrait of George Washington is an oil-on canvas image that most resembles a(n)
Helen Oji's Mount St. Helen's is an opaque impasto composition in the shape of a _____
Contemporry watercolor is referred to as ____,made up of pigments and a vehicle of ____
aquarelle; gum arabic
____was the principal painting medium during the Byzantine and Romanesque eras of Christian art.
The fluidity and portability of watercolor has often lent itself to _____
rapid sketches and preparatory studies
Gilbert Stuart's 18th century traditional portrait of George Washington achieves a realistic likeness largely through
The oldest form of printmaking is _____, and most likely the first people to use it were the ancient _____
Zhao Xiaomo's Family by the Lotus Pond is a ____. The areas that were NOT meant to be printed were carved out_____the surface of the wood.
Woodcuts make use of the flat surface of wooden boards, but wood engravings use the end sections of the boards, yeilding a _____surface
In Paul Landacre's Growing Corn, we see a good example of the ______that can be obtained from the skillful use of wood engraving.
precise lines and tonal gradations
In the ___process, the artist creates clean-cut lines on a plate of copper,zinc, or steel by forcing a sharp burin across the surface with the heel of the hand
In creating his Christ Crucified between Two Theives, Rembrandt used a drypoint needle in order to create ______
Soft, velvety lines
Etching is an intaglio process in which the matrix is covered with a waxy substance and the design is drawn into the substance. The completed matrix drawing is then put into a(n)
acid bath that etches the exposed areas of the matrix
_____is the only printmaking process in which prints can be rendered in paint as well as ink.
Etching is a very versatile medium. In Henri Matisse's Loulou in a Flowered Hat, he used ____to represent the essential features of a woman
only a few uniformly etched lines
The popularity of relief printing declined with the introduction of the ___process, which did not appear until the 15th century
In works such as her Untitled mixed-media print of Chinese girls, Hung Liu's purpose is to ____
highlight the degradation of previous generations of Chinese women.
In the 17th century, a Dutchman developed a technique for mezzotint, from the Italian for ___, in which the metal plate is worked over with a multi-toothed tool called a ____
In The Painter and His Model, Picasso was able to approximate the effects of mezzotint with a much simpler technique known as ______
Aquatint is frequently used along with line etching to mimic the effects produced by _____
_____is the type of etching that can be used to produce the effects of crayon or pencil drawings
The 20th century American abstract artist Josef Albers created Solo V, an inkless intaglio teqnique known as _____
The advent of the camera replaced the age-old need of art to imitate nature as closely as possible, and this change, in turn, led to the developmenmt of 20th century artistic______
In both camera and the ____light enters a narrow opening and is projected onto a photosensitive surface.
When a camera shutter opens for a few thousandths of a second over and over in a quick succession _____shots are being taken
A(n)____magnifies faraway objects and collapses the spaces between ordinarily distant objects.
With a Polaroid camera, the photograph appears before your eyes. This is an example of ____film
The first photographic process to leave a permanent image was invented in 1826 and known as ______
The Artists Studio, taken in 1837 wAS THE FIRST PHOTOGRAPH OF ITS KIND AND WAS PRODUCED ON SILVER-PLATED COPPER BY______
William Henry Fox Talbot's first "photographic drawings" were eerie, delicate photographs of____produced from a ______
After the daguerreotype, the next major advance in the history of photography was the development of the ____process an example of which is Young Lady with an Umbrella
By the 1850's photographic portrait studios became quite popular and began to serve the needs of_____
a grwoing middle class
Alexander Gardner's Home of a Rebel Sharpshooter, Gettysburg is a graphic photo taken during the ___probably from a camera in a wagon known as a _____
United States Civil War; Whatsit
Dorothea Lange's Migrant Mother is a touching photograph taken during the period of _______
The Great Depression
Margaret Bourke White wrote "using the camera was almost a relief; it interposed a slight barrier between myself and the white horror in front of me...." Here Bourke-White is describing_____
Buchenwald during the Holocaust
Edwar Steinchen's _____taken in 1906 is one of the foremost early examples of the photograph as a work of art
The Flatiron Building-Evening
A flash or whirl of abrublty changing newspaper headlines meant to indicate the progression of time and events in a film is known as a_____