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Moscow and Ivan the Great
Terms in this set (5)
Nomads who were a fierce group of horsemen from central Asia who slashed their way into Russia. They burned churches and plundered the treasures of Russia. They ruled all of Russia by 1214.
This city is located near the headwaters of 3 rivers. (Volga, Dnieper, and the Don) Moscow began its rise to power under the Mongols. If a ruler could gain control of these rivers, he could control nearly all of Euorpean Russia.
Ivan I was a tax collector fo the Mongols. He was nicknamed Ivan Moneybags. The Russian Orthodox church made Moscow his residence. The church became an ally of Moscow's princes. By the 1400's Moscow became the strongest of the Russian states under the Mongols.
Ivan III "Ivan the Great"
Ivan married the niece of the last Byzantine emperor. He bagan calling himself CZAR (caesar or emperor). He refused to pay the Mongol's their tribute. He challenged the mongol army in a bloodless face-off. He freed Moscow of the Mongol control. Ivan was considered the first leader of a united Russian nation. People called him "Ivan the Great."
A walled citadel or fortress in the center of the city of Moscow. Ivan tore down the old wall and erected a massive new wall. (60 feet high and 15 feet thick) He built a palace for himself and a palace for the head of the Russion Church and three great churches in the Kremlin.
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