United States History, fourth edition -chapter 14 War Between the States
The bold terms
Terms in this set (48)
States right to secede
What was main cause of war?
the right of states to limit the power of the federal government
Scotts plan to blockade the southern ports to compound the supply problem. Also to capture Mississippi river
Got the nickname stonewall
First battle of Manassas
Confederate victory, left south relieved and confident, and north demoralized. Also called bull run
Lincoln replaced McDowell with....
Amy of the Potomac
Remnants of McDowell's army and new recruits were organized and drilled into an impressive force called
Confederate, Iron-plated warship
Stonewall Jackson led his troops into the Shenandoah Valley and fought off three Union armies
Army of Northern Virginia
Delayed the union advance in Virginia
General of army of northern Virginia
Took command of army from Johnston
Seven days battles
Series of battles at obscure creeks and cross roads
J E B Stuart
Raid Pope from rear and took payroll, battle plans, and his dress coat
Bloodiest battle in history
Burnside launched attacks on confederate positions
Battle of chancellorsville
3 days of fighting. Ending in the death of stonewell Jackson and a confederate victory
3rd day of Gettysburg, Lee asked Pickett to lead troops on a mile and a half run where they were then slaughtered by the union army
Battle of Gettysburg
Turning point of the War that made it clear the North would win. 50,000 people died, and the South lost its chance to invade the North.
(1863) a speech given by Abraham Lincoln after the Battle of Gettysburg, in which he praised the bravery of Union soldiers and renewed his commitment to winning the Civil War; supported the ideals of self-government and human rights
Mississippi River campaign and Kentucky-Tennessee campain
Two main campaigns in west
North's finest general
Fort on Tennessee river
Fort on Cumberland River, was not easy to capture
Battle of Shiloh
2 bloody days of battle in southern Tennessee near a church with the same name; narrow Union victory that helped Union begin to control the Mississippi River (1862)
Commander of the union navy, captured new orleans
Grant besieged the city from May 18 to July 4, 1863, until it surrendered, yielding command of the Mississippi River to the Union.
Routed southerners at battle of mill springs
Was appointed general of confederate armies after Sidney Johnston died
Battle of Missionary Ridge
Grant ordered George Thomas to create a diversion. Union surprised Southerners and took the ridge. Bragg retreated to Georgia.
Daring ships that would bring supplies into southern ports
The drafting or compulsory enrollment of men into military
New York draft riot
In July of 1863 a riot broke out in NYC over the draft. People who opposed the draft looted and burned things. Much of their resentment was caused by the fact that the rich could buy their way out of service.
Slave states that didn't secede from union
Recognized as a pro-Union state and admitted to Union on June 20, 1863
..., a group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War, wanted peace
A diplomatic event that took place during the Civil War. a US naval ship stopped a british ship with 2 captured american diplomats, mason and slidelll.
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
Month long series of battles against Grant and Lee
Battle of Cold Harbor
Civil War battle which caused nearly 7,000 Union army casualties. Nicknamed Grant's Slaughter Pen
Grant's most trusted officer
Battle of Atlanta
Federal troops under Sherman cut off the railroads supplying Atlanta and burned the city
March to the sea
Campaign led my William Sherman, destructive loss to the south, next stop Savannah
Battle of Nashville
While Sherman was marching towards Savanna, Hood launched an invasion of Tennessee. Thomas repulsed Hood's attack. Union forces completely destroyed Southern forces and Hood retreated South
Appomattox Court House
Famous as the site of the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant
an ugly collection of renegades on the fringes of Sherman's army
who won the first manassas
the seven days battle
first battle that Robert E. Lee began fighting in?
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