Ancient Greece

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peninsula
body of land with water on three sides
colony
settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties with its homeland
polis
the early Greek city-state, made up of a city and the surrounding countryside and run like an independent country
agora
in early Greek city-states, an open area that served as both a market and a meeting place
tyrant
person who takes power by force and rules with total authority
oligarchy
government in which a small group of people holds power
democracy
government in which all citizens share in running the government
helot
person who was conquered and enslaved by the ancient Spartans
satrap
official who ruled a state in the Persian Empire under Darius
Zoroastrianism
Persian religion which taught that humans had the freedom to choose between right and wrong, and that goodness would triumph in the end.
direct democracy
system of government in which people gather at mass meetings to decide on government matters
representative democracy
system of government in which people elect leaders to make laws
philosopher
thinker who seeks wisdom and ponders questions about life
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