C. Unit 2 America as a Global Power
Terms in this set (77)
ARCHDUKE FRANZ FERDINAND
Heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, one of the causes of World War I.
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize.
The most decorated United States combat pilot in World War I, known as the "ace of aces", He shot down 26 enemy planes
GENERAL JOHN J. PERSHING
U.S. General sent into Mexico to hunt for Mexican rebel Pancho Villa.
General of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) in WWI, known as "Black Jack".
Greatest hero of WWI, won medal of honor, he single handedly captured 32 German machine guns, killing 28 and capturing 132 Germans.
The state of not taking sides, especially in a war or dispute
The doctrine or belief that your national culture and interests are superior to any other, pride in one's nation
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy in the years before WWI.
Modern Turkey, joined the Central Powers in 1914 and helped cut off supply lines to Russia
World War I alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire
NO MAN'S LAND
Terrain between front lines of entrenched armies; land that is unowned and uninhabited
A person opposed to the use of war or violence to settle disputes
a German submarine that was the first submarine employed in warfare, initially used during WW1
Protection of merchant ships from U-boat attacks by having ships travel in large groups escorted by warships.
American Expeditionary Force; American troops in Europe during WWI, led by John J Pershing
Nickname for American soldiers in World War I
Warfare that started in World War I that brought modern weapons into the war. Examples are tanks, poison gas, and airplanes.
Battles in the air between individual pilots from opposing countries
Medical condition caused by prolonged exposure to the distressing experiences of trench warfare.
Person who refuses to enter the military or bear arms due to moral or religious reasons
(War Industries Board) United States government agency established during World War I, to coordinate the purchase of war supplies. The board set production quotas and allocated raw materials.
Garden planted by American citizens during war to raise vegetables for home use, leaving more for the troops
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
Committee for Public Information, propaganda machine to get Americans to demonize the Germans and get them to support the war effort
Payment for damages after a war
WWI military strategy, type of fighting in which both sides dig trenches and attempt to overrun the enemy's trenches
a British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat in 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT
Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft
A temporary peace, halt in fighting
ESPIONAGE & SEDITION ACTS
Two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against US participation in World War I
THE GREAT MIGRATION
Movement of Southern blacks to northern cities during WWI; sought to escape discrimination; floods & droughts in cotton fields
Wilson's plan for world peace following World War I, It failed to get support of U.S. Senate
TREATY OF VERSAILLES
Treaty that ended WW I. It blamed Germany for WW I and handed down harsh punishment.
Note sent by a German ambassador to Mexico proposing that Germany would help Mexico "to reconquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona" in return for Mexican support against the U.S.
LEAGUE OF NATIONS
A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never joined the League. Essentially powerless, it was officially dissolved in 1946.
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia used during WWI to fight the Central Powers. Russia eventually drops out of the war while Italy and America join the alliance.
American navy commander, urged government to build up naval forces
United States politician who as secretary of state in 1867 arranged for the purchase of Alaska from Russia (known at the time as Seward's Folly) (1801-1872)
The Queen of Hawaii who gave the U.S. naval rights to Pearl Harbor in 1887. She was deposed by American settlers in 1893, leading to Hawaii's annexation by the US in 1898.
Cuban poet and journalist who organized a guerilla revolution against Spain in 1895- "Cuba Libre" free Cuba was his battle cry-and sought US support and intervention.
25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism. Is assassinated by an anarchist
naval hero of the Spanish-American War; his fleet defeated the Spanish at Manila Bay and gave the United States a tenuous claim to the Philippine Islands.
Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt who pioneered the open-door policy and Panama canal
28th U.S. President. 1913-1921. Democrat, Introduced "missionary diplomacy" to give Monroe Doctrine a moral tone, supported spread of democracy in Western hemisphere & sent U.S. troops into Mexico
John J. Pershing
U.S. general sent by Wilson to capture Villa, chased Villa over 300 miles into Mexico but didn't capture him
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
1840s belief that the United States was destined to stretch across the continent from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
The entire English race wherever found, as in Europe, the United States, or India.
add a territory onto an existing state or country
U.S. naval base in Hawaii that the U.S. obtained through a treaty in 1887.
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Volunteer regiment of U.S. Cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
self-governing territory associated with another country
Nation whose independence is limited by the control of a more powerful country
A Chinese secret society that blamed the country's ills on foreigners, especially missionaries, and rose in a 1900 uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country.
Canal built by U.S. across the Isthmus of Panama to link the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, completed in 1914.
named for the Secretary of State, at the time, who had purchased Alaska. this was first thought of as a waste of money becuase there was thought to be nothing in Alaska that was useful. Eventually there were many gold strikes there.
DE LOME LETTER
Spanish Ambassador's letter published by American newspapers. It criticized President McKinley in insulting terms. Used by war hawks as a pretext for war in 1898.
U.S. ship that explodes off the coast of Cuba in Havana harbor and helps contribute to the start of the Spanish-American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
BATTLE OF SAN JUAN HILL
Site of the most famous battle of the Spanish-American war, where Theodore Roosevelt successfully leads the Rough Riders in a charge against the Spanish trenches
TREATY OF PARIS
Approved by the Senate on February 6, 1898, it ended the Spanish-American War. The U.S. gained Guam, Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines.
Fought to stop Filipino resistance to American control of the Philippine Islands. Filipino guerrilla soldiers finally gave up when their leader, Emilio Aguinaldo, was captured (1898-1902).
OPEN DOOR POLICY
a policy, proposed by the United States in 1899, under which all nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China
1899 rebellion in China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British Troops.
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Foreign Policy idea by Taft to make countries dependent on the U.S. by heavily investing in their economies
Wilson's idea to deny any recognition to any Latin American government that was viewed as hostile to Americans.
THE BIG FOUR
Leaders of the victorious WWI nations: Italy, France, England, and the U.S. 4 powers who met at Versailles to discuss peace: Wilson, Lloyd George, Clemenceau, Orlando
Group of countries united together in a common cause/purpose. Pre-WWI system of countries united for defense to prevent attacks from neighboring countries.
SEWARD'S ICE BOX
Negative name given to Alaska when it was purchased from Russia for $7.2 million.
A geographic area belonging to or under the jurisdiction of another country's government.
Alliance made up of Great Britain, France, Russia, and later the U.S. & Italy during WWI.