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Terms in this set (22)
Old Testament (OT)
A collection of 53, or 49, or 46, or only 39 ancient Jewish books (depending on which Bible you have), including the history of God's interactions with the people of Israel and related literary works from ancient Judaism.
the same five books as in the "Torah" of the HB and the "Pentateuch" of the LXX: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
the large collection of "Historical Books" from the LXX, covering the history of the people of Israel, from the time of Joshua to the Maccabees (thus covering from the late 13th century to the early 2nd century BCE);
the "Poetic Books" of the LXX, but rearranged to place Job first, followed by
the same "Prophetic Books" of the LXX, but rearranged to place the four "Major Prophets" first (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, and a few smaller writings associated with them, such as Lamentations and Baruch), followed by the twelve "Minor Prophets"
A collection of 27 early Christian writings composed by various authors from the middle of the 1st to very early 2nd centuries CE; it is sometimes called the "Second Testament," especially by Jewish scholars, in contrast to the "First Testament" (the HB).
New Testament is written in _____.
they see Jesus "with the same eye",
substantially later than and different from the Synoptics in content, style, and theology
gospel authors are called
is a hypothetical collection of sayings & teachings of Jesus. Many scholars think it was a written source (from the 50's?) used later by Matthew and Luke, but it is now lost.
Acts of the Apostles
an early partial account of the historical spread of Christianity; not a complete "history" of 1st-century Christianity, since it focuses only on a few people and a few events from a particular perspective, but leaves out most of what we would want to know about how Christianity spread to other parts of the early Roman Empire and beyond.
Epistles or Letters
written by some of the early apostles to various Christian communities or individuals
Books of Revelation
also called "The Apocalypse." A book containing seven short letters addressed to the "Churches of Asia," and a long series of highly symbolic "visions" attributed to a certain man named "John," culminating in the destruction of all evil and the establishment of "a new heaven and a new earth," and "the new Jerusalem."
a Latin version of both the Old and New Testaments, translated in the late 4th and early 5th centuries by St. Jerome at the request of Pope Damasus; it became the "official" Latin version of the Catholic Church for many centuries
From the time of the Reformation onward (16th century), scholars have stressed the need to translate each biblical book from its original language, as far as possible. That is, rather than translating the book of Isaiah from its version in the Latin Vulgate or the Greek Septuagint, one should use the original Hebrew version of Isaiah.
an edition which prints not only the biblical text itself (
a book of modern scholars' explanations of biblical texts, arranged in biblical order
contains articles on most biblical names, places, images, themes, and other words in alphabetical order
the literary "form" or "category" of a text
a metaphorical story featuring common images and vivid comparisons, but usually with a twist; many (but not all) of Jesus' parables are about the Reign of God
careful investigation of the original meaning of a text in its historical and literary contexts
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