BioMed Mod 9 Exam Review
The main ions stored in bone are _________ and __________
Which body cavity would have least amount of protection from the skeletal system?
Fat is stored in the _________ marrow; blood is produced in the ______ marrow
The skeletal system consists mainly of _______ tissue
Osteogenic cells are bone _______ cells
Bone cells responsible for building new bones are ____________
Osteoclasts are cells that break down bone through the process of _____________
____________ forms the inorganic, mineralized portion of the bone
collagen type 1
What is the primary organic constituent of bone?
blood and lymphatic
Central and Volkmann canals provide space for the __________ ____ ________ systems within compact bone.
Compact ans spongy bone both have ___________ lamellae
Hyaline cartilage is "glassy-like" and lines articular surfaces of _______ for smooth articulations
vertebral discs, pubic symphysis, meniscus
Fibrocartilage is found where there is limited movement. Examples of fibrocartilage would include:
What type of cartilage is found in the ear and in the epiglottis?
periosteum, dense irregular
What highly-innervated connective tissue covers the bone?
Tendons and ligaments are composed of dense ________ connective tissue
Ligaments connect bone to _________
Tendons connect bone to __________
Secondary ossification centers can be found in the developing __________ bones
The epiphyseal plate allows bones to ________
18 for females, 21 for males
The epiphyseal plate typically closes by ages _______________
Bone remodeling involves activity of both ___________ and ____________
High levels of parathyroid hormone will cause blood calcium levels to ________
Osteoarthritis involves the loss of __________ cartilage
human growth hormone
Which hormone promotes the elongation of long bones?
Moderate "stress" on the skeletal system will encourage _________ activity
The appendicular skeletal includes all the bones of the ____________ and the bones that support them
The axial skeleton includes the rib cage, vertebrae, and ________ bones
The phalanges are in which class of bones?
An example of sesamoid bone would be the ___________
The vertebrae are in which class of bones?
The ribs, skull, and scapula are examples of _______ bones
Short bones are found in the ___________ skeleton
Wormian bones are found in the suture line of the ________ bones
There are seven _________ vertebrae
What regions of the vertebral column are fused?
C1 is also known as the ________
Ribs attach directly or indirectly to the ribs with ________ cartilage
True ribs are ________ attached to the sternum
Floating ribs attach to the ________ but not to the ________
The numbers of ribs pairs is the same as the number of _________ vertebrae
A foramen is best defined as a _________ in bone for blood vessels or nerves
A fossa is a ________ depression in bone
Condyles are _______, articular surfaces of bones
Spinous processes are prominent on the _______
The great trochanter is a large prominence found on the proximal end of the _______
potato like bump
Tuberosity is a Latin term that means _______ ______ _______
The female pelvis has a pubic arch angle that is _________ than 90 degrees
A rigid, more concave coccyx and pubic symphysis is characteristic of a ________ pelvis
Amphiarthrosis, diarthrosis and synarthosis are ____________ joint classifications
Fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial are ___________ joint classifications
A fibrous, non-moveable joint would be structurally classified as _________ and functionally classified as _____________ joints
The interosseus membranes between the tibia and fibula and radius and ulna are both _________, _________ joints
tooth, maxilla, mandible
Gomphosis describes a joint that bind a ________ to the ________ or ________ bone
Flexion __________ the angle of a joint
A motion that results in the movement of an appendage closer to midline is ___________
Circumduction involves a ________ movement
Elevated calcitonin levels will cause a ___________ in blood calcium levels
Microscopic tears in ligament or tendon is called a _________