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59 terms

BioMed Mod 9 Exam Review

STUDY
PLAY
calcium, phosphate
The main ions stored in bone are _________ and __________
abdominal
Which body cavity would have least amount of protection from the skeletal system?
yellow, red
Fat is stored in the _________ marrow; blood is produced in the ______ marrow
bone
The skeletal system consists mainly of _______ tissue
stem
Osteogenic cells are bone _______ cells
osteoblasts
Bone cells responsible for building new bones are ____________
resorption
Osteoclasts are cells that break down bone through the process of _____________
hydroxyapatite
____________ forms the inorganic, mineralized portion of the bone
collagen type 1
What is the primary organic constituent of bone?
blood and lymphatic
Central and Volkmann canals provide space for the __________ ____ ________ systems within compact bone.
interstitial
Compact ans spongy bone both have ___________ lamellae
joints
Hyaline cartilage is "glassy-like" and lines articular surfaces of _______ for smooth articulations
vertebral discs, pubic symphysis, meniscus
Fibrocartilage is found where there is limited movement. Examples of fibrocartilage would include:
elastic
What type of cartilage is found in the ear and in the epiglottis?
periosteum, dense irregular
What highly-innervated connective tissue covers the bone?
regular
Tendons and ligaments are composed of dense ________ connective tissue
bone
Ligaments connect bone to _________
muscle
Tendons connect bone to __________
epiphysis
Secondary ossification centers can be found in the developing __________ bones
lengthen
The epiphyseal plate allows bones to ________
18 for females, 21 for males
The epiphyseal plate typically closes by ages _______________
osteblasts, osteclasts
Bone remodeling involves activity of both ___________ and ____________
raise
High levels of parathyroid hormone will cause blood calcium levels to ________
articular
Osteoarthritis involves the loss of __________ cartilage
human growth hormone
Which hormone promotes the elongation of long bones?
osteoblast
Moderate "stress" on the skeletal system will encourage _________ activity
extremities
The appendicular skeletal includes all the bones of the ____________ and the bones that support them
skull
The axial skeleton includes the rib cage, vertebrae, and ________ bones
long bones
The phalanges are in which class of bones?
pattela
An example of sesamoid bone would be the ___________
irregular
The vertebrae are in which class of bones?
flat
The ribs, skull, and scapula are examples of _______ bones
appendicular
Short bones are found in the ___________ skeleton
skull
Wormian bones are found in the suture line of the ________ bones
cervicle
There are seven _________ vertebrae
sacral, coccyx
What regions of the vertebral column are fused?
atlas
C1 is also known as the ________
costal
Ribs attach directly or indirectly to the ribs with ________ cartilage
directly
True ribs are ________ attached to the sternum
vertebrae, sternum
Floating ribs attach to the ________ but not to the ________
thoracic
The numbers of ribs pairs is the same as the number of _________ vertebrae
window
A foramen is best defined as a _________ in bone for blood vessels or nerves
shallow
A fossa is a ________ depression in bone
round
Condyles are _______, articular surfaces of bones
spine
Spinous processes are prominent on the _______
femur
The great trochanter is a large prominence found on the proximal end of the _______
potato like bump
Tuberosity is a Latin term that means _______ ______ _______
greater
The female pelvis has a pubic arch angle that is _________ than 90 degrees
male
A rigid, more concave coccyx and pubic symphysis is characteristic of a ________ pelvis
functional
Amphiarthrosis, diarthrosis and synarthosis are ____________ joint classifications
anatomical/structural
Fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial are ___________ joint classifications
fibrous, synarthrotic
A fibrous, non-moveable joint would be structurally classified as _________ and functionally classified as _____________ joints
fibrous, amphiarthrosis
The interosseus membranes between the tibia and fibula and radius and ulna are both _________, _________ joints
tooth, maxilla, mandible
Gomphosis describes a joint that bind a ________ to the ________ or ________ bone
decreases
Flexion __________ the angle of a joint
adduction
A motion that results in the movement of an appendage closer to midline is ___________
circular
Circumduction involves a ________ movement
decrease
Elevated calcitonin levels will cause a ___________ in blood calcium levels
sprain
Microscopic tears in ligament or tendon is called a _________