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Arts and Humanities
Madison's 100 Terms
Terms in this set (50)
The behaviors, beliefs, customs, and attitudes of a group of people are called____________.
A complex society with a stable food supply, specialization of labor, a government, a social classes, and a highly developed culture that includes art, architecture, religion, music, and laws is called a ____________________.
Our current calendar was designed in 500 A.D. to highlight ____________________________.
the birth of Christ
____________ is the study of the earth and it's natural features (seas, deserts, mountains, rivers, ect.)
Early civilizations developed near ________________ which provided food, water, transportation, trade, and irrigation.
The world is divided into northern, southern, eastern, and western _______________.
The weather patterns of an area, over time, are called _________.
An area of land or an area's climate that is extremely dry is _____.
The _________________________ is the largest inland sea and is surrounded by Europe, Africa, and Asia Minor.
___________ are human-made objects ( tools, jewelry, toys, and coins ) that teach about the customs and beliefs of people of the past.
_____________ is history that took place before the development of writing.
_________________ is stories, myths, and legends that are passed on by word of mouth from generation to generation.
_______________ is the recovery and study of artifacts, ruins, bones, and fossils remaining from the past.
The earliest humans were called __________________ because they hunted for wild animals and gathered wild plants for food.
The development of _______ and use of _______ were key factors in the survival of early humans.
As early humans settled, they began to control both the growth and behavior of plants and animals; this process is called _____________.
______________ is an independent, self governing unit made up of a city and it's surrounding villages and farmlands.
__________ is a system of trade in which people exchange goods/services but do not exchange money.
A person skilled at making a particular product by hand ( pottery, jewelry, tools ) is called an __________.
Mesopotamia means ___________ and is located in the fertile valley between the _____________.
the land between the rivers, Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
The sumerians were the first to create an ______________ with dams, gates, and canals.
In, Mesopotamia, ____________________ were combined and controlled by the priest.
religion and government
_____________ is a wedge-shaped, Mesopotamian writing made with a reed stylus.
A ________ is a professional writer or record keeper.
An _________ is the city-states and nations that have been conquered under one ruler.
______________ changed Mesopotamia's government of separate rulers for each city-state when he created the world's first empire.
Sargon of Akkad
_____________ was an organized set of laws that established a way of life with law and order ( rules and punishments ) for the ancient Mesopotamians.
The sumerians invented the _________________ to move trade items to and from Sumer.
wheel and sailboat
Egypt is located in northeastern Africa along the ___________ , the _________ of Egypt because of food and trade.
Nile River, lifeblood
__________ is a long, thin reed growing along the banks of the Nile that was used by the Egyptians to make writing material.
_________________ are symbols used to stand for words or sounds in Egypt.
Egyptians believed their kings were both humans and ______.
___________ , the belief in many gods, was practiced by Sumerians, Egyptians, Hindus, Greeks, and Romans.
Homes and buildings in Egypt were made of ___________; more important buildings ( pyramids, temples, tombs ) were made of _______ ( limestone, granite ) using simple tools and no wheels.
mud brick, stone
Egyptians spent much of their lives planing to live for eternity because they believed in an ______________.
_______________________ was the first recorded woman ruler of a nation; she reigned in a time of peace and wealth.
In Ancient Egypt, the three seasons ( flooding, planting, and harvesting ) were based on ____________ , the annual flooding of the Nile River.
Egypt's ______________________ , seas, desert, and mountains, isolated and protected it from invaders.
_______________ ruled Egypt more than 60 years leaving monuments, statues, and memorials in his own honor.
______ was located south of Egypt and was a source of great riches for the Egyptian empire.
Judaism was the first religion on ______________ , the belief in one god.
The laws of the ancient Hebrews were called the __________________________.
The first man to hear and answer God's call was ____________.
The Torah, made up of the first five books of the Bible, contains the basic laws of ____________ and traces the history of the Israelites through 1200's B.C.
_____________ was believed to have written the Psalms.
Moses, the " law giver " of the ancient Hebrews, led __________ when the Hebrews left slavery in Egypt for the promised land of Canaan.
______________ was the most important building in Jerusalem.
The Hebrews were exiled to _________ when their country was conquered by the Babylonian Empire.
The capitol city of the Hebrew lands was ____________.
The two kingdoms of the Ancient Hebrews were _______ and ________.
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