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SOCL 2003 CH9 note cards
Terms in this set (125)
more than_______________people suffer from a mental illness at some point in their lives
In 2012, almost ________% of adults claimed that they had some type of mental illness
HINT: TWENTY 12
What percent of adults had a severe mental illness
TRUE OR FALSE: most people know alot about mental illness
a state of complete physical, mental, and social well being
What is one major predictor of people's health
the number of babies of every 1000 born who die before their first birthday
infant mortality rate
In the USA, boys can expect to live___________years and girls can expect to live __________ years
an illness that has a long term development
What are some examples of chronic diseases
heart disease, cancer, stroke
What are some disadvantages of living in a high income nation
high fat diet and sedentary lifestyle
what fraction of the USA population is overweight
_______________of the USA population is clinically obese
___________people around the world are sick because they are poor
HINT: six is like sick
poverty is the cause of less than __________% of all illness in rich nations
poverty is the cause of __________% of all illness in poor nations
sierra leone has an infant mortality rate of ____________ which means that_______________________________
128, more than one child in 10 dies before their first birthday
In mid income countries, people can expect to live to their_____________________________________
mid sixties or early seventies
In rich nations, people live longer than_____________________years old
longer than 71 years old
a disease that strikes suddenly
the study of how health and disease are distributed throughout a society's population
the rapid spreading of a disease throughout a population
What is a pandemic?
When an epidemic spreads worldwide
__________________cases of HIV are in low income nations
_________percent of the world's HIV positive people live in africa
How many people has AIDS wiped out in africa?
How many hew HIV infections were reported in 2012
true or false: the number of people with AIDS is decreasing
Why are many of the poorest nations affected by AIDS?
poor people have weakened health.
the USA accounts for___________% of the world's cases
the govt reported _____________ deaths due to AIDS in 2010
The total number of people who have contracted AIDS has reach _________________ and of these, ______________________ have died
The obama administration has asked congress to spend about________________annually to fight aids
blacks and hispanics who together represent 30% of the population account for______________% of all AIDS deaths
Hint: My mom is 26 years older than me
blacks are___________times more likely to have aids
Hint: the 5th grade sucks
Hispanics are________________times more likely to have aids
Hint: My cousin is in preK
economies where the govt controls most economic activity
What are 2 examples of socialist economies?
china and russia
What is one characteristic about the chinese health system?
It combines traditional medicine with modern medicine
What is te healthcare system in russia like?
It has a market based system with alot of government control
What kind of economy distributes goods and services through a market system
a medical care system in which the government owns and operates most medical facilities and employs most doctors
How does sweden pay for their healthcare
It does so through taxes
Did england do away with private care? Yes or no.
What kind of system do japanese Drs and hospitals operate on
Private market system
What country spends more on healthcare more than any other country
the USA ranks ___________ for life expectancy
a medical care system in which patients or their insurers pay directly for doctors or hospitals
direct fee system
Why has medical care become so expensive
1) the spread of private insurance; 2) more drs who specialize; 3) more high techology; 4) A lack of preventative care; 5) an aging population; ; 6)more lawsuits
What is a doctor doing if they perform blood work and/or other tests before hospitalizing someone
What is it called when the patient enters and leaves the hospital or clinic on the same day the procedure is performed
what is it called when insurance companies limit the hospital stay for a particular condition?
regulating the length of hospitalization
How long is an average hospital stay in the USA
How many people are admitted into a hospital in the USA
in 2012, ______________million people were covered by a private health insurance policy
_____________% of people recieved health insurance from their job
_____________% of people bought their own health insurance
A private insurance organizations that provide medical care to subscribers for a fixed fee
read about HMOs on page 274
read about government insurance programs on page 274
What percent of americans have no health coverage?
read about the clinton healthcare reforms on page 275
read about the 2010 health care law on page 275
____________% of people stated their health was very good
______________% of low income people stated their health was very good
blacks die at an average of_________________years earlier than whites
The most leading cause of death among blacks 15-34 is______________
In 2012, _____________blacks were killed by other blacks
healthcare for women during pregnancy
doctors were _______% less likely to order advanced tests for blacks
read about health and gender on page 276-277
read about eating disorders on page 277
a physical or mental condition that limits everyday activities
How do doctors view a disability?
an impairment that affects the mind or body
How do sociologists view a disability?
Sociologists focus on how people construct the reality of a disability
Physical disability often acts as a master status. What is a master status?
other people mat attach importance to the disability that they overlook everything else that a person does
true or false: there is an exact definition of a disability
__________% of kids, ______________% of people 18-64, and __________________% of the elderly suffer from a disability
4, 10, 36
Why are the numbers of people with disabilities increasing?
medical advances are saving infants with birth defects
What is the poverty rate for people with a severe disability?
HINT: early 20s are very poor
What is the americans with disabilities act?
It prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment and public accommodations
In 1997, the government expanded the definition of "disabled to include______________
In 2000, SCOTUS narrowed the term "disability" to exclude_______________________
things that could be corrected
In 2013, there were __________________ registered nurses
In the USA, about ____________________ nursing positions remain unfilled
read the reasons for an increasing demand for nurses on page 279
currently, general duty nurses earn about___________________ a year
a condition involving thinking, mood, or behavior that causes distress and reduces a person's ability to function in everyday life
The APA recognizes more than _____________ mental disorders
About ________________ adults suffer from a diagnosable mental illness in any given year
nearly _____________ USA adults had a serious mental illness in 2012
Why do many people who have a mental illness refuse to seek treatment?
people just dont understand
How much are losses due to mental illness?
$300 billion annually
What did thomas szasz say about mental illness
We should abandon the idea of mental illness
What did robert faris and warren dunham find in chicago
Most people who were crazy lived in the worst slums
true or false: race and ethnicity pay a very big role in patterns of mental health
true or false: blacks, whites and hispanics had the same rate of mental illness in 2012
Who was dorthea dix and what did she advocate?
She said that crazy people should be receiving treatment and advocated for assylums
an approach to mental health in which patients talk with trained professionals to gain insight into the cause of their problems
What kind of therapy has worked well with people that suffer from major depression?
powerful substances that control the symptoms of mental illness
the release of people from mental hospitals into local communities
What percent of people suffering from any mental illness are receiving treament
Why is the percentage of people suffering from mental illness so low?
many communities lack mental health centers and many people are uninsured
the number of college students with mental disorders has been increasing/decreasing
_____________% of college students admit being overwhelmed from time to time
______________% of college students are very depressed
______________% of college studnets have thought about suicide
___________% of students have attempted suicide
Which theory views society as a complex system in which each person takes on various social roles and completes important tasks
A pattern of behavior expected of people defined as ill
Talcott pearsons is most famous for advocating the______________________
the structural functional approach also explains that society's social institutions are linked/not linked.
What theory focuses on how people construct reality in their everyday lives?
In the USA, __________________% of adults are overwheight
true or false: cultural standards change over time?
What is a psychosomatic disorder?
A disorder where a person's state of mind affects the health of the body
What theory links health to inequality?
about what fraction of USA adults struggle to pay the costs of medical care
What percent of the USA lacks health insurance
What theory links health to gender inequality?
true or false: women and men have the same rates of mental illness
read about conservatives on page 287
read about liberals on page 288
read about the radical left on page 288-289
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