13 terms

Chapter 6 history

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Multi Theatre War
Seven years war
Fought in Europe, W. Indies, Philippines Africa
England, Prussia vs, France, Spain, Austria, Russia
For French, America was conquered in Germany
French and Indian War
Ohio river valley
Canada
For Ticonderoga
Cannon Fire
Ohio River Valley
Washingtons route
Tri river: Monongahela, Ohio and Allegheny
Wahingtons engagement- Fort Duquesne
Late lost at fort Necessity (July 1754)
For Vernago, Fort Leboeuf , For presque isle
General Edward Braddock and col. Washington
1755: English to retake fort Duquesne
Losses: 977 to 1453 British dead (63-86) officers dead
Braddock shot through the lungs and lingered 4 days
Guerilla Warfare
Indian Scalps
Canadian Conflict
Enlgish Invasion of Canada: 1756
English forces spread to thin
Consequences
William Pitt- 1758
Dispached general wolfe for French louisbourg
Battle of Quebec- June 1759
British fleet
8500+ men on ships and 100s more doced in nova Scotia
Captured French pilots of St Lawrence river
A maritime pilot is someone who works for a harbor to get on the ship to get it into their port
Gen. James Wolfe vs Marquis de Montcalm
Quebec a natural fortress
British general robbery Monckton
Captured point Levis and artillery bombardment begins
First wave of attacks
Soldiers wading to shore
Devastating British losses
Second Wave of attacks
Found small inlet north of city
Battle of the Plains of Abraham
9/13/1759- Wolfe killed
Vicious volleys back and forth
Substantial losses
French abandoned city (Montcalm Dead)
Treaty of Paris 2/10/1763
French American Domination ends
Road to revolution
The colonists
Post French and indian war
Americans looked at as ingerior
Trade Embargos
Furthred by post F&I War
Colonists don't necessarily support England
Cultural differences
Proclamation of 1763
No Expansion to the Ohio region
Protection from Indian attacks
Rights of the Colonists
Samuel Adams- November 20,1772
Right to life
Right to liberty
Right to property with the right to defend it
Self preservation
If our trade be taxed why not our lands in short, everything we possess. They tax us without having legal representation
The English
King George III
Reigned 1760-1820
Post F&I war military presence against French and Indians
Colonists to saddle defensive costs
George hurt humself, suffered from bouts of madness
Once vigorous measures appear to be the only means left of bringing the Americans to a due submission to the mother country the colonies will submit
Root Causes
Mercantilism
Navigation Acts ( British Acts of trade)
Expansion of English carrying trade
Colonial markets for English manufactures
Virtual representation and Actual Rep
Prime Ministers
George Greenville (1783-1765)
Harsh conditions on the American colonies
Sugar act of 1764
Currency act of 1764
Stamp Act of 1765 ($ for colonial defense)
Mutiny (Quartering act) of 1765
Upset both colonists and British commercial class
Charles Watson-Wentworth
Repealed Stamp Act
Passed declatory act of 1766 (Parliments authority over colonies)
William Pitt (1766-1768)
Charles Townshend acts in his stead
Extends mutiny (quatering) act of 1765
Townshend duties (act) of 1767
Replaced Augustus Henry Fitzroy Graton (1768-1770)
Lord Frederick North (1770-1782)
Repealed Townshend Duties (act)
Proposes Conciliatory acts of 1775
Passed Prohibitory act of 1775
No overseas trade to colonies
Colonial Violence
March 5th 1770
Inflamed colonists
Capt Thomas Prestion
Priv Hugh Montgomery
3 colonists DOA, 2 later died
8 soldiers acquitted in 2 trials
Symbol of British oppression
Boston Tea Party
12.16.1773- sons of liberty
@ griffins wharf
Dartmouth, Elanor and Beaver
342 crates of tea from E. India Co.
Coercive (Intolerable Acts)
Proposed by PM Lord Frederick North
Boston Port Bill- June 1,1774 closed Boston Harbor until reparations for destroyed tea
Administration of justice act May 20 1774 royal officials accused of capital crimes tried in England and Canadaand not in provincial courts
Massachusetts Government Act - May 20, 1774 gave royal governor direct control of the colony down to town meetings virtually annulled the colonies charter
Quartering act-
Implemented in 1765
Alimented decided to again enforce this act
Quebec act
June 22,1774 French Civil law British criminal law
French control over American land
Allowed for practice of Catholicism
First Continental congress oct 14 1774
Declaration and resolves
Treat as British citizens
April 19th 1775 Patriots day
Paul revere, William dawes, Samuel Prescott
Battles of Lexington and Concord
Militia and British: dead and wounded
March to Boston
Menotomy (Arlington)
Freedom Trail
Patriots
Patrick Henry
Spy Nathan Hale
Independence
Second Continental Congress
May 10, 1775, Independence Hall of PA
Results
George Washington
June 14th 1775 Birth of our nations army
June 15th 1775, Commander of the continental army
Olive Branch Petition
Americans
Loyalty to the crown
King to prevent further hostilities
King George III