Terms in this set (22)
The study of fungus
An organism that must eat or consume food because it cannot make its own
Organisms that get their nutrients from dead or decaying matter
An organism that lives in or on another organism, and feeds on the host
A chain of cells that are threadlike and form the body of a fungus -vegetative part.
The part of the fungus responsible for extracellular digestion and absorption of the digested food; the vegetative part of a fungus consisting of a tangled mass of branching threadlike hyphae
In fungi, a stemlike horizontal hypha in mold that runs along the surface of a food source
Structures in fungus that anchor it in place. It releases digestive enzymes and absorbs what has been digested.
Asexual reproduction in which a part of the parent organism grows a bud which pinches off and forms a new organism
A means of asexual reproduction whereby a part of the parent breaks off and then grows into a new individual.
dikaryotic (N + N)
In fungus, when a cell has two haploid nuclei for a period of time
Has half the number of chromosomes or only one set of chromosomes
Has the full set of chromosomes or two sets of chromosomes
A mutualistic symbiotic relationship between fungal roots and plant roots.
A mutualistic symbiotic relationship between a sac fungus and a green algae.
A fungal structure (hyphae) that raises the sporangium away from the food source so that air currents can spread the spores to a different location
A unicellular and microscopic reproductive structure of fungus that is able to develop into new individuals.
sporangium / sporangia
A multicellular organ in fungi in which meiosis occurs to produce haploid spores.
Reproductive cells that have only half the number of chromosomes
gametangium / gametangia
Reproductive structures in which fungi produce spores