Algae, Moss and Ferns
Terms in this set (23)
Gametes are the same size and structure. Different gametes are indicated by a + and a - sign
Gametes are a different size and structure. The larger gamete is called the egg and the smaller gamete is called the sperm.
Cell that has one set of chromosomes or half the number of chromosomes
Cell that has the complete number of chromosomes or two sets of chomosomes
In plants, it is diploid and produces spores by meiosis.
In plants, it is haploid and produces gametes
A thick waxy covering produced by the epidermis that prevents the plant from drying out
A vascular plant structure that is responsible for photosynthesis - creating food for the plant
A vascular plant structure that absorbs water and minerals from the ground for photosynthesis. Anchors plant in ground.
A vascular plant structure that supports the plant and connects the roots and leaves. The stem carries water and nutrients to the leaves and raises the leaves up to collect sunlight
A system formed by xylem and phloem throughout a vascular plant, serving as a transport system for water and nutrients, respectively.
The vascular tissue that moves water and nutrients from the roots to the leaves
The vascular tissue that is responsible for the transport of nutrients and the carbohydrates produced by photosynthesis
A microscopic pore surrounded by guard cells in the epidermis of leaves and stems that allows gas exchange between the environment and the interior of the plant.
archegonium / archegonia
A female reproductive part of a nonvascular plant that produces eggs
antheridium / antheridia
A male reproductive part of nonvascular plant that produces sperm
The underground stem of a fern sporophyte that is anchored down by true roots
Root-like structures that anchor moss and the heart-shaped gametophyte of ferns
Small, green, heart-shaped gametophyte plant form of a fern that can make its own food and is anchored by rhizoids
The uncoiling sporophyte of a fern produced from the rhizome by asexual reproduction
Plants that belong to the phylum Bryophyta - the lack vascular tissue
Plants that belong to the phylum Tracheophyta - they have vascular tissue
The result of the fusion of egg and sperm
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MCAT Biology | Kaplan Guide
Ch. 20 Biology
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